ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Women's Work, Status and Fertility

Women's work plays a significant role in reducing gender inequality and is also seen to affect levels of fertility and child mortality. However, the relationship between female work participation status and autonomy and demographic indicators has not been clearly established. This paper attempts to bring out the conditions of women's work, status and their relationship with child mortality and fertility in a south Indian village. The aim is to explore the comprehensiveness of the term 'conditions of women's work' and how it reflects the entire milieu of a woman's situation.

Social Capital and Collective Action

With the retreat of the interventionist state, development is often perceived as a product of partnership between the state and civil society with increasing emphasis on people's participation at the grass roots. Using a framework of collective action based upon social capital, this paper examines whether social capital is important for successful development outcomes at the grass roots in forest protection and watershed development. Three villages of Adilabad district in Andhra Pradesh are the focus of the study.

Water Management and Village Groups

Despite the government's repeated assertions in recent years on the need for a decentralised, people-oriented and demand driven water management, these have not been converted into implementable solutions. While policy initiatives exist with regard to water user associations, watershed associations, and legal strategies are a much-needed prerequisite in order to evolve statisfactory working relationships between local bodies institutions and networks of formal and informal village groups engaged in water management.

Community, Organisation and Representation

Social science literature and development practice has together discovered the rural community as the 'site' for development. This presupposes the rural community as a monolithic and undifferentiated entity. Local traditions point to a different direction- and need to be better grasped so as to enrich both social science literature and development practice. This becomes even more relevant, given the increasingly critical role of membership organisations in local development initiatives and in an overall scenario when the relevance of political action has been brought back in the cause of development.
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