ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Time of Youth

Drawing on long-term multisite ethnographic fieldwork in Allahabad and Meerut, this article examines how educated unemployed young men, from different socio-economic backgrounds, struggle for employment and engage with politics and religion in the age of neo-liberalism.

Economic Growth and Social Security

Social and Economic Security in India, edited by S Mahendra Dev, Piush Antony, V Gayathri and R P Mamgain; Institute for Human Development, 2001; pp 523, Rs 750 (HB)

High Explosive Hysteria

How do American warriors end up killing and alienating so many of the people they have ostensibly come to save? Do the answers lie in the high-tech dependence and in the psycho-social profile of the US soldier?

Urban Unemployment in Kerala

This study examines the incidence, type and characteristics of urban employment in Kerala's second largest city, and to offer some clues to explain the high rate of joblessness. According to the results of a sample survey, the urbanisation of Kochi has been associated with a process of casualisation of labour, and failure to generate rapid growth of regular employment in the modern organised sector. Besides, joblessness is found to be basically a problem of educated youth, leading to their migration to other parts of India and abroad in search of employment.

Development of UP

Uttar Pradesh has slid rather rapidly down the development ladder in the past half a century. Today the state spends most of its revenues on servicing its huge debt and what is left is expended on supporting the establishment, leaving little for development. UP needs urgently to raise more resources and, more importantly, put the funds to use in employment-generating areas which will help in poverty alleviation.

Post-Reform Setbacks in Rural Employment

This paper looks at the pace and pattern of employment growth in the 1990s (post-reforms period) and compares it with the 1980s (pre-reforms period), based on NSS data, and attempts to figure out the challenges and threats that lie ahead for rural workers in India. The empirical evidence calls into question the optimism of pro-reform analysts on the all-round positive impact of economic reform on employment. The study also raises a number of questions that need further analysis to enable us to understand better the continuing and likely impact of the economic reforms.

Coping with Urban Poverty

This paper tries to examine the socio-economic adjustments of families that have undergone decline in living standards within a brief period of time. The main earners in these families were once employed in the textile mills where most often, employment was regular and permanent with some degree of social security. These people have lost their jobs and all the other facilities which they were entitled to, becoming a part of the urban poor which draws its sustenance through employment in the informal/unorganised sector. How have they adjusted to their new economic status and what are the social institutions through which they are able to survive?

An Informalised Labour System

The textile mill closures in Ahmedabad cost over 1,00,000 jobs, and resulted in the informalisation of a vast majority of the sacked workers. Gujarat can thus be understood as an experiment for trying out what will happen to state and society under a policy regime that does not attempt to harness the most brutal consequences of a market-led mode of capitalist protection. The total eclipse of Gandhian values has also led to the shrinking of the social space needed for humanising economic growth.

Tough Challenges in Informal Sector

Informal Sector in India: Perspectives and Policies edited by Amitabh Kundu and Alakh N Sharma; Institute for Human Development and Institute of Applied Manpower Research, New Delhi, 2001;

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