ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Fulfilling the Sustainable Development Nutrition Targets

The study reveals that Bihar will miss the nutrition-related target of SDG-2 by 2030 based on the NFHS-3, NFHS-4, and NFHS-5 data. District-level planning is needed to design nutrition-specifi c programmes and control malnutrition at an early stage, according to the fi ndings.

Inter-industry Wage Differentials in Indian Manufacturing

From a labour perspective, wage rates are reflective of the market demand for different skills and the institutional structures. Also, wage rate is a better measure of the well-being of workers solely dependent on wage income. This paper notes persistent regularity in industry-level wage rates confirming the absence of a convergence behaviour. The stability of industry-level wage rates brings industrial reforms under the scanner for their implications on worker welfare. Wage convergence could be inhibited by the inter-industry movement of workers.

Dynamics of Government Budgets, Growth, and Welfare

The report of NITI Aayog titled “SDG India: Index and Dashboard 2020–21: Partnerships in the Decade of Action,” vividly portrays poorer states that lag behind the advanced states in the achievement of the sustainable development goals. This paper, which explores what hinders the effort of the poorer states in accessing resources from the centre and in reaching out to the poor, demonstrates that poorer states in India lag behind the less poor states in the implementation of development programmes, despite the fact that such programmes are conceived to offer opportunities to the poorer states to use central resources to augment their economic capacity in fighting deprivation and destitution. It also builds a model of public spending and tests the model with data using econometric methods. In addition, it applies the model to examine the question of low spending in poor states and offers concrete solutions. Using this model as a framework of analysis, governments can estimate the financial implications of structural reforms and stimulate their economies with welfare compatible allocation of resources.

Repositioning of the Family Planning Programme in India

Critical issues in the stagnation of the family planning programme in India are highlighted and the tangible barriers are identified to suggest few possible strategies to enhance its use and effectiveness in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals relating to sexual and reproductive health. Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015–16) indicate a strong need to reposition the FPP to meet the unmet need of contraceptives by improving the quality of care and promoting the spacing methods of contraception by minimising the 12-month contraceptive discontinuation rate in India.

Population, Health Status, and the Sustainable Development Goals

The fact sheets with key results of the National Family Health Survey-5, conducted in 2019–21, from 36 states/union territories were released recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. In this article, the authors highlight the emerging population and health issues from the NFHS-5 to monitor the country’s progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 and the key policy issues to strengthen the population and health programmes in the country.

 

Need for Equalising Endowments

The article notes that the persistence of inequality, as observed over two centuries, undoubtedly points towards its origins in endowments, which perpetuates inequality in such a consistent manner. The lesson derived from this scrutiny highlights the need for focusing on equalising endowments, particularly the intangible ones, to sustain betterment and attain convergence in the economic landscape.

 

Global Unemployment and Inequality during 1991–2019

Based on secondary data, the paper discusses the changes in global unemployment and inequality between 1991 and 2019. The analysis reveals that the rate of unemployment and incidence of inequality have either increased or remained stubbornly high in almost all the countries under study.

Analysing Core Indicators of Decent Work for the Indian Fisheries Sector

The International Labour Organization included the concept of decent work in the Sustainable Development Goals to address concerns about workplace conditions, especially in developing countries. Among the different sectors of any developing economy, agriculture and allied activities have lagged the most in terms of decent work. This paper examines decent work in the fisheries sector in India. Using the National Sample Survey Office data from the Employment and Unemployment Survey of India, the paper arrives at a multidimensional decent work index. The paper finds that labourers belonging to the richer states rank lower in terms of decent work compared to the relatively poorer states, indicating higher inequality in the former regions. It also finds that per capita incomes are well below the poverty line for more than 40% of workers in fisheries.

 

An Assessment of Mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility Expenditure

The response of firms towards the corporate social responsibility guidelines and its impact on the funding of Sustainable Development Goals is investigated.

 

Status of Women’s Reproductive Health in Bihar

Based on the National Family Health Survey data for 2015–16 and 2019–20, the article shows the precarious sexual and reproductive health of women in Bihar. While there are some improvements in this period, multiple indicators emerging from social and institutional determinants continue to show poor SRH of women in the state.

 

Sustaining the Sustainable Development Goals

This article critiques the framework used for assessing the progress of the Sustainable Development Goals and their comparison across states.

Demographic and Health Diversity in the Era of SDGs

Despite the progress achieved in demographic and health-related indicators, achieving targets in the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 remains a demanding task. This study acts as a perfect benchmark for monitoring several demographics and health-related indicators in the era of the SDGs. There is a need to advance the right sources of data and cutting-edge tools for measuring and monitoring progress. The efforts to reduce regional disparities in demographic and health-related indicators are hindered by the lack of adequate funding to the programmes and the absence of reliable micro-level evidence-based policy.

 

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