ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Status of Biodiversity Management Committees in Tamil Nadu

After the enactment of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, it is mandatory for the local governments to establish biodiversity management committees. In this article, the operationalisation of the Biological Diversity Act in various local governments of Tamil Nadu is analysed.

Is Public Expenditure Management Sufficient for Sustainable Fiscal Discipline?

In Odisha, the government has made continuous efforts to achieve the objectives of public expenditure management in view of the inherent deficiency of tax capacity to meet the rising public expenditure. Given the necessity of such an expenditure for ensuring the provision of basic facilities for citizens, it needs to be managed well to ensure efficiency, stability and development. Analysing fiscal discipline and strategic prioritisation of public expenditure using secondary data from 1980–81 to 2018–19, and the operational efficiency of public expenditure using primary data about the construction of check dams, it is found that fiscal discipline in Odisha is unsustainable due to lack of strategic prioritisation and operational inefficiency.

Does FDI Induce Technological Advancements in India?

The study used partial least squares-structural equation model and found that foreign direct investment and research and development expenditures have a positive relationship with high technology exports (indicator for technological advancement), whereas technical cooperation grants have a negative relationship with HTE in India.

India’s Sustainable Future

According to an October 2022 study from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, India’s renewable energy industry is shining and thriving.

Adaptation and Political Ecology

The discourse on environmental sustainability and political ecology raises several questions on material inequality, poverty, increasing population and disproportionate allocation of resources, but we often overlook the critical question of what we need to sustain and to what extent? The lack of financial resources and its constant interplay with the developmental goals of the states have created economic uncertainties and provided us with a solid rationale to not act on curtailing carbon emissions. However, the relevance of ecological sustainability compels us to move beyond the instrumental reasoning of materialistic economic goals and strengthen the discourse on prioritising the subsistence rights of poor and marginalised societies. There is no doubt that the unprecedented vulnerability and inadequate coping capacity of least developed nations cause massive damage and hinder the prospects for risk aversion strategies simply because they cannot bear the cost of implementing adaptation policies.

Are We Reforesting Adequately?

Reforestation or afforestation should aim at providing carbon sink and a much-needed biodiversity.

 

Need for a Comprehensive Monitoring Framework of Indian Forests

Forests are one of the crucial ecosystems in the world covering about 31% of the global terrestrial area (FAO 2020). More than 1.6 billion people worldwide are dependent on various forest resources and about 350 million people rely directly on them for their livelihoods, also contributing greatly to strengthen the overall gross domestic product (GDP) of nations (World Bank 2002; Li et al 2019). This has led to a decrease in forests globally due to the conversion to other land use and unsustainable extraction of timber and non-timber forest products (NTFPs) to meet the demands of the growing population (FAO 2020). Owing to the numerous benefits that forests provide, a comprehensive framework focusing on a multidimensional aspect is necessary for sustainable management and effective utilisation.

Impending Water Crisis in India

Emerging Water Insecurity in India: Lessons from an Agriculturally Advanced State by Ranjit Singh Ghuman and Rajeev Sharma, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018; pp xxvi + 298, price not indicated.

Changing Profile of Punjab Agriculture

This article examines the overtime profile of Punjab agriculture and the impact of paddy–wheat monoculture on agroecology. It is argued that it becomes imperative to diversify the cropping pattern, especially replacing the area under paddy towards other alternative crops, for sustainable agriculture.

Private Sector Participation in Solid Waste Management and Regulatory Strategy

In most developing countries, waste is managed by government bodies who allocate a large amount of resources but rarely obtain the desired results. Taking this problem into account, this article explores the relationship between environmental policy and firms engaged in solid waste management by studying the case of four firms in the SWM industry in India. Five factors could have an impact on SWM firms in India—demand for waste, awareness among waste generators, segregation as a habit, encouraging decentralisation, and state support. Appropriate policy measures to create awareness about the demand for waste can become a powerful addition to the existing tools since market forces can drive the waste management activity more effectively.

 

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