ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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National Policy on Education 2016

Any contemporary education policy will need to address the democratic and economic aspirations of the younger citizenry and must declare those concrete steps that would endure the realisation of those aims. But that has not been the case with the National Policy on Education 2016. The new education policy, as proposed, chooses not to address the fundamental issues plaguing the education system but instead, it propagates a corporate, neo-liberal, neo-cultural, a Sanskritised, global and market-oriented education system which is governed by a wholly separate and centralised bureaucracy, where state government power and oversight is minimal.

The Nokia SEZ Story

The closure of Nokia's mobile phone assembly plant in Sriperumbudur, near Chennai, just eight years after it commenced production, illustrates how corporations can quit operations at a point when it is no longer profitable for them to continue, while the impact of such closures on workers is profound. The special economic zones policy of the state actively promoted corporate-led industrialisation promising employment, and creating aspirations among young workers. There was no accountability or labour-centred exit policies factored into the state's industrial policies when state governments welcomed private investments. With the closure of Nokia, not only have promises been broken, but its workers and supply companies have lost their livelihoods and future possibilities of work.

Skill, Education and Employment

Unemployment is attributed to labour market deficiency in terms of shortage of skilled and educated labour force rather than to the deficiency of aggregate demand. This paper argues that an attempt to correct macro-policy distortion through micro interventions, would, in the skill hierarchy and job competition models, have the consequences of overcrowding, bumping down of low skilled workers and create rather a larger pool of surplus skilled as well as unskilled labour force. The demand constrained economy of India needs a better policy perspective for manpower planning.
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