ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

MigrationSubscribe to Migration

Illegal Immigration and Institutional Failures

It is important to address the feeling of hopelessness that is driving many Indians to illegally migrate abroad.

Understanding Migration Behaviour in India from PLFS Data

Based on the Periodic Labour Force Survey (2020–21), this study focuses on the migration data and tries to delineate certain broad characteristics of the migrant population. Negating some of the commonly held views that less advantaged individuals migrate more frequently than their counterparts, significant departures are noted after the pandemic. Not just the casual labourers, even the regular wage earners suffered seriously during the pandemic and the lockdown. The sudden crisis and the severity of job loss, particularly in the urban areas, which forced many to shift to their native residences are the main reasons of their unwillingness to move out in the future from their current locations.

Mobility in India

The changing trends in migration in rural and urban India over the past four decades are analysed, considering males and females separately, using the data from both the population census and National Sample Survey. It reviews the migration pattern brought out by the Economic Survey 2017, employing rail traffic data and age cohort-based analysis. The migration trends for socio-economically vulnerable populations comprising the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Muslim population are analysed to bring out how their access to urban and metropolitan space has declined over time. Probing into the COVID-19-induced migration, which resulted in a massive dislocation of population, suggests that it has left no significant mark on the long-term trend of migration. The paper argues that euphemisms such as “India is on the move” or “growing regionalism and the risks of pandemics would subvert mobility” are unwarranted. The migration pattern is unlikely to exhibit sudden long-term shifts as it is determined by disparities in economic and social well-being and will continue to be so in the coming decades.

Memorialising the Torrid Times

Migrants on the Move: Precarity in Times of the Pandemic edited by Pushpendra, Amit Ranjan and Shashank Chaturvedi, Delhi: Aakar Books, 2022; pp 398, `1,250 (hardcover).

Militarised Urbanism

Ceasefire City: Militarism, Capitalism, and Urbanism in Dimapur by Dolly Kikon and Duncan McDuie-Ra, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2021; pp 248, `1,295 (hardcover).

Homing through Food

The once-derided culinary tradition of Bangal refugees from East Pakistan is slowly gaining acceptance and pride of place in popular culture and gastronomical writing.

Cuba’s COVID-19 Crisis

Personal and admittedly subjective observations and reflections on the multidimensional crisis in Cuba are presented, drawing especially on the author’s three weeks’ visit. The focus is on the worst crisis Cuba has ever faced in terms of not only its economic and social impact, but especially on its social-psychological effect on Cuban people.

Migration and Politics

The early 20th-century nationalist discourse in India held the colonial state and the middlemen (maistry) responsible for the exploitation of the migrant labourers. The issue of their miserable condition eventually merged within the nationalist movement. This paper studies the experiences and perspectives of Dalit migrants in Burma and their role in the social and political movements in that period. The paper argues that the caste oppression, enmeshed in the labour exploitation, was the defining factor in their migration overseas. Dalits who migrated to Burma primarily struggled against caste oppression in their immediate socio-economic and spatial context, a fact that was hardly acknowledged in the nationalist discourse. Hence, the Dalit migrants were critiques of the upper-caste nationalist discourse.

Ontology of Being and Becoming

Home, Belonging and Memory in Migration: Leaving and Living edited by Sadan Jha and Pushpendra Kumar Singh, London and New York: Routledge, 2022; pp 312, `1,595.

Beyond Plastic Identifications

Due to centralised and infl exible infrastructures of state care involving upper-level bureaucratic decision-making and heavy reliance on documentary modalities, even the radically decentralised states such as Kerala are underperforming in their welfare responsibilities. A greater role for local governments needs to be re-envisioned.

Remittances Reach $100 Billion

Resilient remittances will help cushion the impact of volatility in foreign investment inflows.

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