ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sustainable Development Goals

The article notes that the north-eastern states have taken many initiatives to implement and localise the Sustainable Development Goals. But achieving the targets require a multipronged approach, concerted and coordinated efforts, and focus on sectors where the region has inherent advantages. Unfortunately, the pandemic has cast some doubts on the feasibility of achieving the goals as per the original timelines.

The Quest to End Illicit Poppy Cultivation in Manipur: Examining the War on Drugs Campaign

The rise in illicit poppy cultivation has posed a threat to the already conflict-ridden Manipuri society. It further positions the state as the next possible hub for drug production, rather than just being a spot on the trafficking route. In the fight against drugs, various measures have been adopted by the government to combat it, aligning more with a coercive approach. This paper questions the efficacy of those measures adopted as part of the government’s ‘War on Drugs’ campaign, principally on the means to curtail illicit poppy cultivation.

Engaging Ethnic Politics

Infrastructure of Injustice: State and Politics in Manipur and Northeast India by Raile Rocky Ziipao, London and New York: Routledge, 2020; pp 202, ₹ 995 (hardcover).

Untold Stories of Human Trafficked Survivors and Sex Workers in Manipur

This study was sponsored by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (2017–19). The author is grateful to researchers involved in this study, and A Romita Devi, who helped her with the interviews. All trafficked survivors and sex workers are referred to by pseudonyms.

Polity, Policy, and the Economy of Salt in Manipur circa 1826–1947

While the traditional production of spherical flat salt chunks through the evaporation of saline water from salt wells dates back to the ancient history of Manipur, notions of salt monopolies and salt as a revenue source evolved during the colonial period in Manipur. The British became involved in local politics and took control of the fiscal policy of the state. Under them, the quantum of salt produced reduced, and salt production itself became more expensive. This paper studies how British business practices, and, later on, an uninterested state government, caused the self-reliant salt economy to become a dependent one.

Foot Soldiers of the Zomia

Against State, Against History: Freedom, Resistance, and Statelessness in Upland Northeast India by Jangkhomang Guite, Oxford University Press, 2019; pp 364, ₹ 1,095 (hardcover).

Politicising Roads in Manipur

Roads across Manipur are ephemeral, foregrounding the politics behind their development as well as their spatial and temporal nature. Drawing from fieldwork conducted in Manipur, this article analyses contemporaneous state practices of infrastructure and its sociopolitical processes, and offers evidence to understand their materialities, forms, and societal relations. The nexus between politicians, contractors, bureaucrats, insurgents and elites causes frequent suspension of road projects, setting a new form of contingent development practice in Manipur.

Manipur’s Population Conundrum

This paper examines Manipur’s census statistics for the period between 1991 and 2011. It argues that conventional demographic factors cannot explain the abnormal population growth rates reported in parts of northern Manipur, and that the abnormalities in the headcount are instead associated with competition for seats in the state legislative assembly. Manipur’s experience is used to draw attention to systemic problems related to the inadequacy of metadata supplied by the census, lack of guidelines for correction of census data, impact of political interference on data quality, and cascading effect of errors in fundamental statistics, such as headcount, on other government statistics.

Negotiating Livelihood during COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant lockdown led to the closure of all markets in Manipur, including the Tribal Market Complex in Imphal East. This article focuses on how the women vendors negotiated their livelihood during the lockdown and analyses its impact. It looks at their ability to cope amidst vulnerability and marginalisation against the backdrop of the ongoing economic turmoil and potentially the disease itself, highlighting their plight and resilience. */

The Politics of Inner Line Permit Extension to Manipur

The extension to Manipur of the Inner Line Permit by the Bharatiya Janata Party government at the centre is an attempt to weaken the anticipated strong protests in the state against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019. It comes across as a ploy to weaken the forces that stand in the way of achieving the Hindutva agenda, and also, possibly a means to negotiate the Meiteis’ opposition to the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)’s intricate demand for Greater Nagalim.

Why Are Farmers in Manipur Cultivating Poppy?

The fight against opium poppy production in Manipur can be won only if economically viable alternatives are provided to farmers, who are hitherto excluded from development initiatives in the state.

How Does the Delimitation of Constituencies Influence Elections in Manipur?

Manipur has two parliamentary seats in the Lok Sabha, out of which the Outer Manipur constituency is reserved for a tribal candidate. However, in 1954, the Delimitation Commission of India clubbed the electorates of the erstwhile Thoubal subdivision (excluding Bishenpur tehsil) with the Outer Manipur constituency to "balance" the number of voters in the two constituencies, thereby increasing the number of non-tribal voters in Outer Manipur. This arrangement denies non-tribal people the right to contest elections and makes ST candidates dependent on non-tribal votes for electoral success.

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