ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Idea of Education

Educational systems, implicitly or explicitly, reflect a philosophical vision. Interpretations of the self, mind and world based on such vision influence socio-cultural norms and relations. It also leads to theorisation, which when formulated into principles of action to understand the world become ideologies. All educational systems carry the germ of some ideology. This paper suggests that there are two broad epistemological premises that determine the structure of knowledge, meaning and truth. One that believes that reality is material and governed by laws that the human mind can understand; the other premise asserts the inherent creative principle of the human mind and that knowledge itself is in part constructed of sensory data and perception. Since it is never completely possible to move behind an epistemic frame, reform initiatives, especially in education, should question whether processes of reform will really ensure transformation of relationships on more equal terms or will they reinforce dependency and hierarchy.

Promoting Public-Private Partnership in Health Services

The concept of public-private partnership (PPP) in health services has been increasingly adopted as an alternative option by state governments. This essay explores one such model, the Rogi Kalyan Samiti, in MP's Badnagar tehsil.

Displacement and Rehabilitation of an Adivasi Settlement

This paper describes the process of relocation and rehabilitation of villages populated primarily by sahariya tribals in Sheopur district of Madhya Pradesh. It examines the rehabilitation package offered, the process followed for relocation and resettlement and the impact that this shift has had on the livelihood of the affected people. While the rehabilitation package and the general attitude of the agency that carried out the relocation has been a significant improvement over previous such experiences, the shift has nevertheless had a negative impact on the livelihood of the people, at least in the short run.

Forest Products of Bastar

The forests of Bastar have for long been a vital source of sustenance for the many tribal groups who live there. Yet lack of organisation and overt dependence on local traders has often led to their exploitation, with most profits of trade accruing to the latter. The onus lies on NGOs and government-designated procurement groups to help them not merely to form effective organisations to market their produce but to ensure foolproof implementation of relevant legislation.

Madhya Pradesh: Towards Elections- Disaffection and Co-Option

Caste still defines social and political identity and oppressed groups are represented by tiny sections from each group that are more or less integrated into the existing political system. The panchayat system serves as one of the instruments of this integration by opening the doors of opportunity for that tiny elite. They, in turn, mobilise votes for the major political parties. Whether the Congress wins the coming assembly elections or not, the utility of political decentralisation for the ruling class has been well and truly proved.

Madhya Pradesh: Experiment with Direct Democracy

The potential space for change provided by gram swaraj remains underutilised and the new system has languished, partly because of inconsistent support from the state government.

Madhya Pradesh : Undernutrition and Starvation Deaths

An investigation of undernutrition and suspected starvation deaths in a few selected villages of Barwani district in Madhya Pradesh, a chronically drought-prone region, has thrown up a number of issues impinging on the concepts, methods and processes used for measuring of malnutrition and starvation.

Poverty in India in the 1990s

The authors examine the poverty situation in 15 major states across four distinct dimensions of headcount ratio, size of the poor population, depth and severity for the rural, the urban and the total population. The poverty situation, they find, worsened over the six-year period 1993-94 to 1999-2000 in Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. In the remaining 12 states there was a distinct improvement in terms of the most visible indicator, namely, the absolute size of the poor population. Overall, despite diversity across poverty indicators and across states, the overwhelming impression is one of greater improvement in the poverty situation in the 1990s than in the previous 10�½-year period.

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