ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Analysing the Rajasthan Urban Land (Certification of Titles) Act, 2016, it is argued that even as technological intervention in land record keeping is necessary, coordination between various levels of land record databases needs to be ensured for clarity between spatial and textual records. Further, it appears the new law once again needs courts to arbitrate land title disputes, which has been the case so far.

Computerisation of Land Records

Although the computerisation of land records was begun over a decade ago, the project has not been implemented effectively, with the states yet to bring forth their own resources to complete the centrally-sponsored scheme. Besides, there are several constraints in the implementation of such a programme, including issues of investment and technology, which need to be addressed.

Guaranteeing Title to Land

Land is the most valuable natural resource whose planning and development offer major prospects for increases in output and incomes for the people, especially for those who are near or below the poverty line. For efficient land planning and optimum use, it is essential that there be clarity and certainty about title to land. In India land records are in very poor shape and there is maximum litigation in rural and urban areas about ownership. It has been estimated by reputed agencies that India loses 1.3 per cent economic growth annually as a result of disputed land titles, which inhibit supply of capital and credit for agriculture. It is therefore exceedingly important that a fundamental change is brought about in the way land records are maintained. The conversion of the present system of presumptive titles to land into conclusive titles is the only sensible solution of this problem. Bold political direction alone can bring about reform of this magnitude which will bring our country in the mainstream of a worldwide trend, enhance the marketability of land, reduce the stupendous social cost of litigation and give a boost to agricultural production and urban and industrial development.
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