ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Dichotomies of Categorisation of Denotified Tribes: Reflections from Karnataka

Historically, Karnataka has made a bold attempt to include various castes, races, tribes while creating its unified scheduled caste category. Around 101 communities, including denotified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes, were included in the existing Scheduled Caste list along with “ex-untouchable” communities. The diversity of castes, tribes, and races included in the Scheduled Caste list created various challenges to public policy interventions related to the provision of reservation in politics, employment, and educational opportunities. This article traces the complex journey of inclusion of denotified tribes to the Scheduled Caste list through a colonial and postcolonial policy narrative and its challenges.

Politics of Caste-based Schemes

Governmentalising schemes in favour of a privileged caste defeats the principle of justice.

Workers’ Protest amidst Industrial Apathy

The Wistron workers’ protest turning violent is indicative of deeper fissures in industrial relations.

Tribal Rights and Heritage Conservation in the Western Ghats of Karnataka

In the context of Karnataka, the implementation of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 in the heritage sites of the Western Ghats makes for an important case study of how the concerns of tribals and indigenous people are often marginalised in the debates around conservation. Analysing the process of assigning heritage status to the sites located in the state, reports of government committees on the conservation and global studies show that conservation models that vouched for exclusion of human habitants in ecologically sensitive areas failed to conserve biodiversity. Hence, the adoption of an inclusive and participatory approach is the need of the hour.

Are Linguistic Nationalisms Killing South Indian Federalism?

Linguistic nationalism has, for long, been considered a measure to check Hindi domination in the Indian Union. This paper seeks to explore how, paradoxically, linguistic nationalism can often fuel antagonisms between groups that have negotiated space and politics through multiple cultural registers. Using the case of a recent Kannada film, Sarkari Hi Pra Shaale Kasaragodu , the paper illustrates how multilingualism and pre-existing federalisms could be under threat from contesting chauvinisms.

Changing Contours of the Political Regions of Karnataka

Media reports of the recent Karnataka assembly elections tended to see the state as made up of distinct regions and marked their boundaries to accord with the political–administrative territories prior to their unification in 1956. While a residual presence of regional identity still persists overdetermining class, caste and community relations, linguistic and speech practices, religious and cultural sensibilities, politically, the region has come to mean very different things in the electoral battlegrounds of the state. In recent years, equations across castes and communities have been recast precipitating intense social churning and political realignments within and across regions of yore.

Electoral Exclusion of Muslims Continues to Plague Indian Democracy

This analysis of electoral data from the Karnataka Chief Electoral Officer’s website and the single-person household estimates from the Centre for Research and Debates in Development Policy, New Delhi shows that nearly one quarter of Muslim adults in Karnataka were out of the electoral rolls. Overall, about 15% of all adults were not listed in the voter lists in Karnataka. Evidence of non-listing of Muslim electorate in large proportions is found in other states as well. The lack of consistent efforts to enroll all eligible adults by the electoral institutional structures enables political parties to achieve undemocratic and unethical goals.

Cauvery Verdict: 6 Articles to Contextualise the Water War

On 16 February 2018, the Supreme Court lowered the amount of Cauvery water due to Tamil Nadu, to 404.25 tmcft (thousand million cubic feet), from the 419 tmcft allotted by the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal in February 2007. The Court allotted Karnataka 270 tmcft of Cauvery water, which is 14.75 tmcft more than the Tribunal award. Through our archives, we trace an outline of the dispute.

Lineage Ownership to Individual Rights

This article details the manner in which the land rights of the Kodava have changed over the past two centuries and the various implications of that. It shows how customary land rights were codified first by the Lingayat Rajas, how this codification was strengthened by the British, and the consequences of a historical transformation from common ownership in a marketless context to individual ownership in an increasingly market-dominated political economy.

India's Water and Power Crises

With drought affecting large parts of the country, there are question marks on an energy policy that stresses thermal power plants. The vagaries of climate change will make such plants even more inept.

Karnataka: Minibus for Villages

The introduction of a minibus service, locally termed grameena saarige will go a long way in providing reliable transportation to far-flung villages off the main trunk routes. Operated by the state road transport organisation, the service is to be extended gradually to cover more than 27000 villages in the state.

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