ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Australia in India

If the 1990s marked an intensification of the process of `globalisation', within the policy discourse of the higher education sector that process has manifested itself through the idea of the `international university'. In part, internationalisation implies a redefinition of higher education as a globally marketed commodity or as an export oriented `industry'. These developments are examined by means of an analysis of the internationalisation of Australian education, and the operational procedures, strategies, and expansionist market objectives of Australian higher education institutions in India. It is argued that, under the hegemony of neo-liberal ideology, these international linkages are emerging as a result of the transformation and restructuring of the higher education sector in both nations.

Traders of the 'Medieval Orient'

Asian Merchants and Businessmen in the Indian Ocean and the China Sea edited by Denys Lombard and Jean Aubin; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2000; pp xiii+375, Rs 575.

Famines and State-Making in Colonial India

Famines and State-Making in Colonial India Famine, Philanthropy and the Colonial State: North India in the Early Nineteenth Century by Sanjay Sharma; Oxford University Press (SOAS Studies on South Asia), Delhi, 2001; pp xviii+256, Rs 550.

Muslim Politics in a Microcosm

The Ulama of Farangi Mahall and Islamic Culture in South Asia by Francis Robinson; Permanent Black, New Delhi, 2001, pp 267, Rs 545.

Figure of the 'Tapori'

Cinema in late 20th century India has also engaged with cities to represent the new experience of modernity, and to produce new and complex representations, that often reflect the fluidity and fragmentary character of urban life in India. This essay is about recent appropriations of the city 'street' through the construction of a subculture of masculine performance, strongly rooted in the urban cultures of Mumbai. It is this subculture that gave rise and constructed the popular figure of the 'tapori' a male persona who was part small time streethood, and part the social conscience of the neighbourhood.

India's Policy on IPRs and Agriculture

Though the farmer's rights concept is still weak as it is currently stated in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture adopted by 116 countries, including India, under the FAO last month, India and other developing countries could use the negotiations to establish an international concept of farmer's rights. India could strengthen its own legislation in this regard by coordinating its efforts with those of other countries.

People's Health : Defining Industry Responsibility

The making of a drug policy in India has been a long and tedious odyssey through a tangled mass of opposing interests, dichotomous responsibilities, welfarist commitments and protectionist inclinations. Policy-making has been prompted nevertheless by certain notions of the role of pharmaceuticals in maintaining and enhancing the health status of people. Over the decades there has been an erosion of this focus because of intervening and often conflicting claims from industry. Periodically, committees and conventions have attempted to recover the focus.

Balanced Growth and Foreign Trade

This paper attempts to establish a link between the maximum attainable rate of growth and the foreign trade sector for the Indian economy in the framework of the balanced growth model. Using six input-output tables, the paper finds that the exports and the imports of the economy would have to rise manifold, for the economy to achieve the technologically given maximum rate of growth. The paper also identifies the 'exportable' and the 'importable' sectors for the Indian economy.

Competition Policy: India and the WTO

The Competition Bill which is before parliament has assumed an international dimension as well as a new sense of urgency in view of the decisions at the WTO Ministerial Conference at Doha. An examination of the Bill and the working of India's competition policy in relation to international practice and the likely direction of eventual WTO negotiations after 2003.

Understanding WTO

World Trade Organisation: An Indian Perspective by Jayanta Bagchi; Eastern Law House, Kolkata, 2001; pp 243, Rs 400.

Fiscal Responsibility : Not a Straitjacket

Even as evidence mounts of the government’s fiscal position in the current year slipping out of control, the fiscal responsibility bill has been in the news, thanks to the recommendations on the bill of parliament’s standing committee on finance. The government’s initial reaction to the committee’s recommendations was that they virtually dispensed with the notion of fiscal responsibility. This would appear to be a rather extreme view. The notable feature of the debate on fiscal responsibility has been the widespread appreciation that it has revealed of the importance of fiscal prudence. The government should build on this broad consensus rather than press for passage of the original bill without any modifications.

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