ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Exports of Fruits and Vegetables from Northeast India: Prospects and Challenges

The northeast region of India has a diverse agroclimatic condition that is conducive to the growth variety of tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate fruits and vegetables that are enriched with high nutrition and fibre content. Horticulture offers immense scope for the growth and development of the predominantly agrarian region, as it provides diversification in the farm sector that is essential for the generation of sustainable income and employment opportunities. The northeast region produces marketable surplus of many fruits and vegetables that can be traded both in the domestic and overseas markets. This article attempts to analyse the export potential of fruits and vegetables of the region and identifies the challenges that are impeding its rapid growth. The results of the study reveal that exports both in terms of volume and value have registered significant growth during the period under consideration; however, exports have been volatile, and it can be attributed to instability in the production of major export crops. The recent diversification of the export basket is an indicator of reduction in volatility and the volume of exports and earnings. This article also analyses the marketing strategy and suggests recommendations for boosting exports.

Income and Livelihood Promotion through Individual Assets under MGNREGA

The potentialities of individual assets, created under category B of Schedule I of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, for enhancing income of rural households and increasing productivity of land and agriculture are examined. The beneficiaries of individual assets gained, through the creation of new sources of livelihoods, additional utility of their existing assets and a rise in their income levels. The community also gained by an increase in food security through the enhanced productivity of land and agriculture, mainly through increase in crop acreage, yields per acre, and crop diversification. However, a proactive selection of landless households and diversification of individual assets is required to make the benefits of assets creation inclusive.

 

From Feudalism to State Developmentalism

Himachal Pradesh is often held out to be a model case of development, moving from the bottom of economic and human development indices to the top of the tables in the course of its post-independence existence. This article traces the nature of its pre-independence political economy and the social structures that sustained it and then describes the manner in which changes occurred in the post-independence phase. It marks out the successes as well as flags the continuing areas of concern.

Rajasthan : Stalling the March of Thar Desert

Ecological Task Forces of the Indian Army, which have made significant contributions to halting ecological degradations in several regions in the country were first set up in 1982. They probably represent the first such experiment anywhere in the world of the army taking up ecological work on a regular basis. A glimpse of the work of the Territorial Army's Eco Force in Rajasthan.

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