ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Odisha’s Transformation under the Naveen Patnaik Regime

A recent national survey on governance and performance in the pandemic times, has ranked Odisha’s Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the top in the popularity index among his counterparts. Taking over the battered, backward state in the aftermath of the 1999 supercyclone, Patnaik has transformed Odisha by erecting and ensuring a people-centric governance model. This welfare model has not only prepared Odisha to confront any disaster, including the current pandemic, but also improved governance in the state.

Decentralising Accountability

Ensuring good governance while devolving the 3Fs— functions, funds and functionaries—is a formidable challenge. An action research conducted in Sikkim from 2010 to 2016 focused on four questions: where is the corruption, what are the different types of corruption, how much is the quantum, and how do we reduce it effectively? A set of anti-corruption tools was integrated in the programme delivery, and corruption practices were broadly grouped into “easy to prevent,” “difficult to prevent but easy to detect,” and “difficult to prevent and detect.” By applying this strategy, we found that the corruption level dropped more than three times from 1.74% to 0.55%, and the savings from sanctioned cost rose to 20% (₹30.16 crore). This reduction was achieved despite weak enforcement, highlighting that a dynamic anti-corruption strategy that increases the probability of being caught can significantly reduce corruption by decentralising accountability.

Rehabilitating Riot Victims

Communal Violence, Forced Migration and the State: Gujarat since 2002 by Sanjeevini Badigar Lokhande; New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2015;pp xii + 215, price not indicated.

Society vs State?

Examination of the contemporary discourse about civil society, the non-party political process and political society in India and the political agendas which they support, with regard to their importance for identifying and articulating important political problems of our society.

Democratic Good Governance

Good governance espouses freedom of information, a strong legal system and efficient administration, backed by political mobilisation of the disadvantaged through movements or political parties. Despite the increasingly individualist premises of state theory, representative democracy still provides avenues for public debate on social issues. The emphasis should thus be on strengthening democratic institution rather than bypassing them through increased individual or governmental interventions.
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