ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Climate Crisis and Environmental Degradation

“Climate refugees” are on the rise with people losing their lands and livelihoods due to climate hazards. India is one of the most vulnerable countries and suffers from the severity of the climate crisis. People living along the shoreline are in jeopardy because of extreme weather events. In the last 26 years, severe erosion has changed the coastline. Appropriate policy support is necessary to build climate resilience.

Climate Change

The climate conference at Glasgow, COP26, has provided hopes for limiting global warming to 1.5°C. India’s commitments included achieving net-zero by 2070, alongside increasing the share of non-fossil in installed electricity generation to 50% and enhancing the emissions intensity reduction target to 45%, and working towards zero-emission vehicles. Realisation of targets requires resources and trust that the international processes will indeed fulfil expectations on finance, technical support, and capacity building. Embedding climate change within development calls for an inclusive approach for a developing country like India, where climate action aligns with the overall transition to sustainability and social, economic, and ecological resilience for its citizens.

How Does India Fare on Global Climate Change Indices?

The term climate change is often bandied about to refer to changing weather patterns, but such usage of the term is shorn of the nuanced and technical meaning it is endowed with. A comprehensive definition of climate change incorporates a host of related technical aspects. On the other hand, India, like other developing nations, bears the brunt of changing weather patterns more than the developed economies.
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