ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economic Cost of Gender Gap

To truly close the gender gap, gender equality must be mainstreamed into economic policymaking.

Limelight in Dark Times

Viewing Jyoti Kumari’s cycling feat as “matter out of place” reveals our collective gender and social biases.

Nurture of Family

Shards of Memory: Woven Lives in Four Generations by Parita Mukta; Waidenfeld and Nicholson, London, 2002; pp 214, £ 16.99.

On the Trail of 'Missing' Indian Females

This paper seeks to explain the century-long trend of falling proportion of females in the Indian population. In the first part, some clues to the puzzle are unearthed by identifying the age groups, regions and social groups of the estimated 21 million females gone 'missing' between 1901 and 1991. In particular, it is shown that overtime there has been a convergence of the sex ratios of adults and children, and female-male ratios declined in regions and social groups where the adult sex ratios were substantially higher than the child sex ratios. In the first half of the last century, the overall sex ratio declined because of the decline at adult ages, especially at age 40 and over. After independence, the decline has been more concentrated at ages under 15. However, census data should be interpreted with caution because improving quality of age data on children can produce a spurious trend of falling sex ratios at certain childhood ages. In the light of these disclosures, the second part of the paper reviews the plausible explanations for the long-term trend of falling female-male ratio in India.

Measuring Gender Disparity Using Time Use Statistics

Women's work in the household, in subsistence agriculture and such other activities is either not accounted for or is grossly undervalued in conventional data collection on work. One possible way of properly accounting women's contribution to the economy is to measure the time women spend on activities which are not included normally under the head of economic activities. This article, using data from the report of the time use survey conducted by the CSO, attempts to measure gender disparity in terms of the relative time men and women spend on productive activities.

It's the Image that Is Imperfect

Advertisements and media images have a stronger impact on shaping gender images than books on feminism and scholarly experiments on gender equality. Stereotypes and generalisations in ads continue to objectify women, and place stress solely on their appearance, thus devaluing their innate worth.

Lambadas: Changing Cultural Patterns

The cultural changes that have taken place among lambada communities living in close proximity with the caste-stratified Hindu village society have resulted in all-round deterioration in their social and livelihood levels. The shift in the egalitarian community from the practice of bride price to dowry, and the absence of infrastructure and welfare schemes, has resulted in large-scale trafficking of the girl child.

Structural Reforms and Health Equity

Preliminary results of an analysis of data sets on morbidity and health care utilisation from two NSS surveys in the 1980s and 1990s together with empirical results of other studies points the worsening of class-based inequalities in access to health services for both men and women. While gender inequity, particularly in untreated morbidity, appears to have remained severe, also seen is a relative worsening of access for poor men over this period, even though in absolute terms men are better off than poor women.

Gender Bias in Child Mortality

Gender Bias in Child Mortality SHARADA SRINIVASAN This note points to some disturbing aspects about child mortality in Tamil Nadu that are overlooked in Amartya Sen
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