ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Adivasi Mahasabhas

Adivasi mahasabhas are organised across Assam to politically mobilise the Adivasi communities. The paper argues that in contemporary Assam, Adivasi struggles are not limited to the issues of identity but through the mahasabhas, the student associations are claiming citizenship, economic and constitutional rights. While resisting the larger “Assamese” identity on the one hand, the Adivasi student associations also reproduce prevailing gender inequalities within the movement. The present study analyses the All Adivasi Women’s Association of Assam, which seeks to bring together the issues of women and labour to counter the patriarchy of both trade unions and student movements.

Two Steps Up and One Step Down and a Few in Between

Mutinies for Equality: Contemporary Developments in Law and Gender in India edited by Tanja Herklotz and Siddharth Peter de Souza, Cambridge University Press, 2021; pp vii+295, `989 (hardbound).

Interrogating the Idea of Democracy in India

Crisis of Liberal Deliberation: Facets of Indian Democracy edited by Manas Ray, New Delhi: Primus Books, 2022; pp xi + 604, `1,995.

State of Democracy in India: Essays on Life and Politics in Contemporary Times edited by Manas Ray, New Delhi: Primus Books, 2022; pp xi + 694, `1,995.

Overindulgence in the Facile

In light of the concern of whether pedagogy and quality of education are treated symbiotically or not, the intent behind the article is twofold: fi rst, it will focus on how the term “quality education” and “quality of education” were taken up at the national level and within international domains, and what were their contents and intricacies, keeping in mind the differences between the two concepts; second, it will directly delve into the question of: Have pedagogy-related variables been considered for measurement? This query will be contextualised with reference to a list of fi ve nationwide metrics or surveys in India and their subjective ideas of the principal attributes of quality education.

From Sairat to Jhund via Jai Bhim

Mainstream Indian cinema has rarely depicted the complexities of caste and its associated social problems. With Fandry (2014) and Sairat (2016), Nagraj Manjule brought caste and gender to the centre stage of fi lm-making. However, his recent Hindi fi lm Jhund fails to carry forward this legacy and adopts a time-tested Bollywood style—an upper-caste-male-saviour trope.

Gender Norms, Domestic Violence, and the Southern Indian Puzzle

This study suggests that compared to NFHS-3, in NFHS-5, justification for wife-beating in most southern Indian states has increased or remained the same despite increasing prosperity, levels of female education, and better indicators of human development in the region. While the reasons for why this has occurred against the backdrop of improved conventional indicators for development are unclear, what is clear is that macroeconomic changes do not necessarily lead to changes in gender norms.

Occupation, Earning, and Gender

This study analyses the employment distribution of the working-age women by occupations across their activities in usual principal status in the Periodic Labour Force Survey for 2017–18 by taking into account the household-specific factors and workers’ personal characteristics by using a multinomial logit model. The study infers that gender differences in returns to schooling are in favour of female workers, but they earned less than male workers in almost every occupation and employment status. The effect of education is stronger in selecting high-paying jobs.

 

On Ensuring Protection of Women in the NRI Marriages

The study examines the legal remedial measures for women trapped in the non-resident Indian marriages under private and public international law as well as the Indian legal and institutional framework, including a comprehensive legislation and a monitoring mechanism in the Prime Minister’s Office.

Bodies in Waiting

Reflecting on the burgeoning field of feminist media histories and contemporary debates around Shanta Apte’s films, protests, and writing, along with sources that bring narratives from different women in the film industry, this paper argues that such discussions enable us to rethink questions of gender, creative labour, characteristics of film work, and the industrial milieu. This permits a shift in the focus of study to subjects of waiting, legal battles, and writing and considers evolving labour geographies produced by the migration of cine-workers to examine the problems of creative labour.

Caste, Class, and Gender in Education

The Social Construction of Capabilities in a Tamil Village by L N Venkataraman, Hyderabad:Orient BlackSwan, 2021; pp 190, `595.

Changes in Uttar Pradesh’s Labour Market Outcomes

This article portrays the trajectory of Uttar Pradesh’s labour market outcomes between 2011 and 2020 based on the employment and unemployment situation and the Periodic Labour Force Survey data. It finds a deepening employment crisis in the state, worse than what is prevailing in the country; this crisis is severe in rural areas and for women, though even men, in comparison to their status in the past, find themselves in a new low. We find absolute declines in labour and workforce in the state with shrinking self and casual employment. There is an increase in regular salaried jobs, both in absolute terms and proportions. The employment crisis has affected people at the bottom of the socio-economic ladder more, marking a dangerous form of livelihood crisis in the state.

 

Striving for Begumpura: Traversing the Intellectual Activism of Gail Omvedt

​Writer, researcher, life-long fellow traveller of the progressive movements and long-time author with the Economic & Political Weekly, Gail Omvedt passed away on 25 August 2021. In this reading list, we present some of the highlights of her scholarship published in EPW.

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