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Ambedkar and Indian Nationalism

The Indian national struggle of the first half of this century was not merely a struggle to wrest political power from foreign rule but also a struggle to lay the foundation of modern India by purging society of outmoded social institutions, practices, beliefs and attitudes, Ambedkar's struggle constituted a part of the internal struggle of a nation-in-the-making, one of the divergent and sometimes conflicting currents all of which helped to secure freedom' - from external and internal oppression and enslavement Without Ambedkar's opposition to mainstream nationalism, the process of internal consolidation of the nation would not have been carried out sufficiently enough to strengthen and broaden the social base of Indian nationalism.

A Question of Politics and Method

Dominance in Modern Tamil Nadu' in Francine R Frankel and M S A Rao (eds). Dominance and State Power in Modern DISCUSSION A Question of Politics and Method Anupama Rao

Gandhi and Ambedkar

Gandhi and Ambedkar Suhas Palshikar IN response to my piece 'GandhiAmbedkar Interface; Where Shall the Twain Meet?', (EPW, August 3, 1996, pp 2070-72). Anupama Rao ('Arguing against Inclusion', EPW, February 22, 1997, pp 427-28) has found fault with my argument mainly on two grounds. Firstly, she accuses me of "historical amnesia regarding the various challenges to a homogeneous national identity..." (p428) and secondly, she complains that my piece is based on an abstract notion of emancipation (p 427) and as such does not ask concrete questions for the present (p 428). I am grateful to her for bringing to the fore complexities involved in both the question of nationalist identity and the emancipatory project.

Ambedkar and Gandhi

India-Pakistan People's Convention TWO-AND-A-HALF years ago some of us in India and Pakistan found ourselves in agreement that nearly five decades of strained relations between our two countries had only served to inflict severe damage to both our peoples. Economic as well as social indicators provided telling evidence that we had fallen far behind some other countries which were no better placed than ourselves to begin with. Since our respective ruling elites seemed unwilling to move out of set moulds, we felt that the only available course was for the people to assert themselves in favour of peace and friendship.

Gandhi in the 21st Century-Search for an Alternative Development Model

Search for an Alternative Development Model Vasant Kumar Bawa Gandhi's espousal of ecologically sustainable and employment-oriented development is all the more significant today as fossil fuel-driven industrialisation and insatiable consumerism engender crisis in resources on a global scale.

Gandhi- Ambedkar Interface-...when shall the twain meet

Gandhi-Ambedkar Interface ...when shall the twain meet? Suhas Palshikar Gandhian and Ambedkarian discourses are not antithetical. Both are concerned with the issue of emancipation. At present when the legitimacy of the emancipatory discourse is being challenged and the dominant discourse upholds capitalism, it is all the more essential to broaden the scope of Gandhian and Ambedkarian discourses.

The Untouchable Question

Most studies of 'untouchables' are confined within a strictly cultural frame work fashioned by lndology, in which the most important elements colonialism, the nationalist movement and capitalism are left out. This paper poses the problem of social reform, radicalism and revolt within the framework of Indian liberalism the self image of nationalism by tracing the construction and deployment of nationalist and Hindu communalist discourses on untouchability.

Gandhiji and Ruskin s Unto This Last

Gandhiji and Ruskin's Unto This Last M L Dantwala The author here examines the influence of Ruskin's book Unto This Last on Gandhiji's views on the economic system he advocated, his theory of' Trusteeship, economic equality, relationship between the employers and the employees and the use of modern technology. While the author shares some of Ruskin's and Gandhiji's concern, he differs from both on the issue of use of technology for economic development, while commending the search for alternatives which could avoid its harmful effects. He shares Alvin Toffler's futuristic view about the possibility of a synthesis between the low stream traditional and high stream modern technologies.

Gandhi s Religion

Gandhi's Religion Gandhi regarded the Gita us his "mother's milk" but, strange as it may seem he found in it support for non-violence, a discovery which seems puzzling to say the least. His freewheeling interpretations he carried to other religions besides Hinduism.

Gandhi s Inclusivism

Gandhi's Inclusivism Sanjib Baruah Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action by Dennis Dalton; Columbia University Press, New York, 1993; pp 279 + xii.

One-Dimensional View of Dalit Movement

voyage of Vasco da Gama who was piloted by Abdul bin Majid, presumably a Gujarati Muslim" (p 8); later that Honavar was the principal port of the Nayaka of Ikkeri (p 22); or again of the Portuguese capture of Diu in 1554 (p45): repeatedly that Nagapattinam was fortified by the early 17th century; on p 249, the incident attributed to I638 look place in 1634; the Mughal ship GanjSawai is throughout called Ganj-i-Sawar and so on. Indian and Arabo-Persian names are spelt throughout with careless abandon'. "Muhamad, 'Taqui", "Meah Mizany". etc. It" there were a strong new argument in the book, or a strong quantitative foundation las we expect from Om Prakash's forthcoming volume in the New Cambridge History of India) such detail could be dismissed as 'mere detail'. But the book is a work of narrative history, and hence has to be reliable as narrative. Here it falls short of expectations. This said, it must he said that the book docs have its merits, most notably its useful bibliographical essay. Certain simple ideas are also set out, although at somewhat tedious length, and (for a book of this size) with a surprising amount of repetition. Still, we have a sense that if only BARRING a few exceptions both in Marathi and English, recent studies on the dalit movement in Maharashtra are either sequential in nature or theoretically insensitive. Jayashree Gokhale's book under review offers a theoretically sensitive approach involving criticism of the cultural- ideological approach adopted by M N Srinivas, Mark Juergensmeyer, Eleanor Zelliot. Owen Lynch and Michael Moffall. According to Gokhale, the cultural- ideological approach treats the untouchables as a striking case of submissiveness (p 34). On the contrary, the author argues, the untouchables did not always accept their lot with stoic obedience and docility. They, particularly the mahars, protested some times violently against repressive Hindu social order (p 34). The author criticises thec ultural- ideological view of the dalit movement for not taking into consideration the overlap of caste and class dimensions of the mahar movement in Maharashtra. Therefore, the author, basing her theoretical framework on the approach of Kathleen Gough and Emmanuel Terry, believes that the historical development of the mahar community reveals the format had allowed him toArasaratnam might just have engaged his peers and even younger historians in discussion. This is reassuring because members of the Indian Ocean club have not always been so open- minded: another recent book by Arasaratnam and Aniruddha Ray, titled Mosulipainam and Catnhay (Munshiram Manoharlal, 1994), possesses the apparatus of footnotes, but practically refuses to acknowledge the existenceof other historians who have written earlier on these subjects.

Difficulty of Understanding Gandhi

Difficulty of Understanding Gandhi Sudhir Chandra Colonialism/Tradition and Reform: An Analysis of Gandhi's Political Discourse by Bhikhu Parekh; Sage Publications. New Delhi; pp 288. hardback Rs 190. paperback Rs 85.

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