ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Income and Livelihood Promotion through Individual Assets under MGNREGA

The potentialities of individual assets, created under category B of Schedule I of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, for enhancing income of rural households and increasing productivity of land and agriculture are examined. The beneficiaries of individual assets gained, through the creation of new sources of livelihoods, additional utility of their existing assets and a rise in their income levels. The community also gained by an increase in food security through the enhanced productivity of land and agriculture, mainly through increase in crop acreage, yields per acre, and crop diversification. However, a proactive selection of landless households and diversification of individual assets is required to make the benefits of assets creation inclusive.

Fishing Communities on Chilika Lake

Over the years traditional fishing methods and fishermen's organisations have undergone dramatic change on the Chilika Lake. Fishing and shrimp culture operations now rely overwhelmingly on informal credit structures which have in turn led to increasing indebtedness and the lake itself is shrinking gradually because of siltation and environmental damage.
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