ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Labour Process in the Informal Sector

This paper attempts to study the features of the labour process in a transitional situation, on the basis of a field survey in the informal handloom weaving sector in Nadia district. This process depends largely on the nature of the institutional arrangement in the sector, where usury capital has a strong presence due to the influence of the merchant lender, the 'mahajan'. The deskilling tendency associated with the relation between the producer and the mahajan and the unity of conception and execution in some cases are among the characteristics that describe this labour process.

Tenancy Inefficiency

While several attempts have been made to explain the inefficiencies of sharecropping systems found in developing economics, they have been marked by certain definitional flaws. A more rigorous analysis of sharecropping that incorporates 'size-class' differences among owners and tenants thus becomes necessary. Earlier studies had also stressed on land productivity and intensity of farm resource utilisation as indicators of efficiency, but they are seen as measures of relative efficiency only under restrictive assumptions. This study stresses on the availability of irrigation resources as a factor that increases efficiency - for both owners and tenants.
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