ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Key Drivers of Indian Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The underlying drivers of changes in the greenhouse gas emissions over time in India are investigated using several complementary approaches. Emission projections are developed based on India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions and compared with a range of emission scenarios. Projections show continued economic growth that leads to rising energy use, with per capita emissions possibly increasing by 40% by 2030, although new technologies may reduce energy consumption and emissions growth. To slow down emissions’ growth further will require strong decarbonisation of the energy sector.

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has reiterated the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities, but has not referred to historical responsibility. How important is historical responsibility and what does it imply? How is one going to differentiate without historical responsibility? What would be India's responsibility? How do India's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution targets compare with its responsibility?

Paris Agreement on Climate Change

The success of the Paris Agreement will depend on how soon the countries whose emissions have peaked achieve zero-emission levels; and how China, India and other developing countries define their urban future. It will also depend on developing a common understanding of whether technological changes alone will suffice and come quickly enough to meet the world's huge and growing need for energy, transportation, food, buildings and goods within a reframed urban transition.
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