ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Education ReformSubscribe to Education Reform

Primary Education in Rural Areas

The indifferent success of the present system of primary education in India, which has left 30 million children out of schools, calls for a complete change of the method of delivery of education. The model discussed here has features that ensure flexibility, accountability and quality, which can help achieve the threefold objectives of elementary education - universal access, universal retention and universal achievement.

Idea of Education

Educational systems, implicitly or explicitly, reflect a philosophical vision. Interpretations of the self, mind and world based on such vision influence socio-cultural norms and relations. It also leads to theorisation, which when formulated into principles of action to understand the world become ideologies. All educational systems carry the germ of some ideology. This paper suggests that there are two broad epistemological premises that determine the structure of knowledge, meaning and truth. One that believes that reality is material and governed by laws that the human mind can understand; the other premise asserts the inherent creative principle of the human mind and that knowledge itself is in part constructed of sensory data and perception. Since it is never completely possible to move behind an epistemic frame, reform initiatives, especially in education, should question whether processes of reform will really ensure transformation of relationships on more equal terms or will they reinforce dependency and hierarchy.

Teaching against Communalism

Communalism has so far been an ideology that anti-communal forces have tried to address in the informal sectors of pedagogy. What are the issues involved in building a formal syllabus for university students that systematically deals with communalism with a view to encouraging a principled rejection of its ideas and practices?

Educational Services

Managing trade in educational services is an important issue for India, and much homework needs to be done before any commitments are made at the negotiating table under WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services. While making specific proposals, India must also make adequate use of the safeguards provided in GATS to protect its own national interests.

Gender and Curriculum

Despite its reiterations on equality, fundamental rights and quality education for all, the emphasis of the National Curriculum Framework on Indian tradition and the collapsing of value education and religious education puts on hold the possibility of education emerging as an enabling tool for women's empowerment. The article revisits, briefly, the vision and policy framework of the New Education Policy of 1986 with regard to women's education, analysing the effect of progressive policy rhetoric on the actual writing of school textbooks, particularly those relating to language teaching.
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