ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rethinking Indian Federalism

India is considered as a successful federation in resolving most of its ethno-regional and linguistic problems in favour of a relatively durable political order and stability through territorial as well as non-territorial recognition of identity. On the basis of a distinction between what has been termed “diversity claims” and “equality claims,” it is argued that India’s democratic success has remained a very poor match to its federal success. Democracy here has been pressed into the service of a kind of federalism that has privileged “diversity claims” over “equality claims.” Although India’s experiment with state creation within federalism remains ongoing, with Telangana being the latest one carved out of Andhra Pradesh in 2014, given the shifts in priorities since the onset of India’s reforms in 1991, political incentives for demanding more states do not appear to be as attractive as before. While equality claims played second fiddle to diversity claims, the scope of the former has become further restricted today.

‘Unity in Diversity’? Tensions and Contradictions in Cultivating National Unity

Political leaders have been strategic about their use of history, religion and methods of inclusion to develop various conceptions of national unity.

Faculty Diversity at the Indian Institutes of Management

A look at the social composition of faculty members at the Indian Institutes of Management reveals that the faculty body at these institutions is drawn from a very narrow spectrum of Indian society. The recently proposed legislation that will convert IIMs into full-fledged universities offers a canvas for public deliberation on the question of social diversity at these institutions of higher learning.

State Electoral Politics

Electoral patterns across India have shown an extreme fluidity in the nature of electoral permutations and combinations that come to assume power at the central or state levels. Despite the region specific nature of electoral politics and the emergence of distinct identities, however, emerging trends in Indian politics reveal certain commonalities across the country.

Managing Multiplicity

An individual's multiple roles in a complex society that often does not overlap with that of another individual allows for the development of linkages and interactions among members of a society. Insularity develops when areas of interaction develop giving rise to boundaries limiting groups. This paper applies this dual framework to study the fluidity of groups that have emerged in Indian history and to study the uniquely 'sandwich cultures' that have developed.
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