ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Macroeconomic Impact of Social Protection Programmes in India

Generally, the fiscal implications of social protection programmes are evaluated, but not so much on the economic impacts these schemes have on macro aggregates such as output, employment, income and revenue. This motivated us to evaluate the economic impact of three major social protection programmes, namely, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Indira Awaas Yojana, and the National Social Assistance Programme in 2011-12 using a social accounting matrix. It is found that these programmes have significant impacts on output across different sectors of the economy, on income generation and distribution of different household classes in urban and rural areas, on employment across different sectors of the economy, and even on government revenue generation.

Karnataka : Incidence of Agricultural Power Subsidies

Who benefits from the large electricity subsidy provided to farmers in Karnataka? This note looks at the distribution of the annual subsidy, finding it to be quite inequitable. By far the largest beneficiaries are medium and large farmers and the great majority of the rural population receive no benefits at all.

Poverty in India in the 1990s

The authors examine the poverty situation in 15 major states across four distinct dimensions of headcount ratio, size of the poor population, depth and severity for the rural, the urban and the total population. The poverty situation, they find, worsened over the six-year period 1993-94 to 1999-2000 in Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. In the remaining 12 states there was a distinct improvement in terms of the most visible indicator, namely, the absolute size of the poor population. Overall, despite diversity across poverty indicators and across states, the overwhelming impression is one of greater improvement in the poverty situation in the 1990s than in the previous 10�½-year period.

Social Impacts of Large Dams

The complexities of the imbalances between the 'losers' and the 'winners' in the distribution of the benefits of large dams are the main issues in formulating the parameters of equity principles. Gender is one layer in this complexity, and is one of the most basic aspects of a realistic impacts assessment. Gender is fundamental to equity and distribution. Due to the far-reaching transformations initiated by large dams, it is essential to ensure that the negative impacts do not outweight the positive ones. Therefore, an integration of gender is indispensable in any process that seeks to formulate equity principles.

Gujarat : Earthquake and After

The recent earthquake in Gujarat claimed thousands of lives, very many still unaccounted for. It was the army and several NGO groups who took the initiative in launching rescue and relief efforts. But on the government now lies the more onerous responsibility of reconstruction and rebuilding. This task of rebuilding a sustainable, stable future has also to be accomplished keeping in mind people's sentiments and the need to maintain transparency in all its dealings.
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