ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Trade Liberalisation and Poverty

What is the nexus between trade liberalisation and poverty? This question can be subdivided into two parts. One, recognising that growth is a necessary condition for a sustained reduction in poverty, what is the link between trade and growth. Two, since growth is by no means a sufficient condition for poverty reduction, what is the nexus between trade and income distribution?

Uttar Pradesh: Deeper into the Debt Trap

The fiscal scenario in Uttar Pradesh is showing definite signs of deterioration. Part of the reason for the slow growth of per capita income is the state's inability to raise resources; but the government's inability to allocate funds for productive development has compounded the situation.

Five Years of Participatory Planning in Kerala

Kerala's uniquely successful experiment in participatory planning has seen the mobilisation of several thousands of people in the implementation of the Ninth Five-Year Plan. The process had its problems that arose essentially from the absence of a clear perspective about decentralisation. The impact of changing policies following a change of government also has its effect on decentralised planning. An objective assessment of the plan campaign is hampered if viewed through the prism of partisan politics. This paper is also an attempt to look at the plan process from the perspective of decentralisation, rather than from the perspective of planning.

Deteriorating Primary Education

The Maharashtra government's decision to institute a new public examination at the end of the fourth year of primary education, which will be compulsory for students of all government-aided schools, cannot be expected to make any difference to the admittedly deplorable standards of primary education in the state when the government has no plans to meet the woeful shortages of trained teachers and essential school facilities.

Dams and Development

The dialogue principally aims at opening up the question of how decisions on dams, especially large dams, can be arrived at through an open, professional and innovative exchange among the diverse stakeholders and viewpoints. The dialogue also aims to address the social and environmental debate concerning large water projects.

Recasting Indo-African Development Cooperation

A dominant regional power like India should be playing a more proactive role in wooing other developing countries, especially in Africa through networks of development cooperation. In recasting its ties with Africa, India needs to be sensitive to ground realities in African nations many of which are transitioning towards democratic forms of governance and actively taking on the challenge of development. Such a network of ties will also contribute to the building of effective coalitions in international fora.

India's Energy R and D Landscape

Energy research and development (ER and D) has received little attention in the flurry of energy policy shifts and reforms over the past decade, continuing with a historical trend where government attention on ER and D policy has been, at best, sporadic. Appropriate policies for technology development and dissemination, though, can yield significant economic, environmental and social benefits, and need to be considered as part of a diversified portfolio of strategies to meet the country's pressing energy goals. Attention needs to be paid to the development of appropriate ER and D policies and a portfolio that is consistent with the needs of various sections of the country's citizenry and economy. What all of this requires, above all, is a focus on revamping the process of ER and D planning and implementation.

Information Technology for Development

Andhra Pradesh has rolled out major facilitating measures to boost investment in information technology in the state, including infrastructure, training, incentives and amendments to labour laws. It has thus become the potential role model for other states as India attempts to harness the use of IT in the evolution of knowledge state.

Social Sciences in South India

This survey of social science resources and status of higher learning and research undertaken to understand the current sense of crisis faced by social science institutions at the regional as well as at the all-India levels throws up several critical issues. The main concern here is how to strengthen social science higher learning and research in south India by preserving and expanding the existing resource base for social sciences, strengthening the available institutional structures, and ensuring quality of teaching and research output. A mapping of the institutional resources available for social science higher learning and research in south India is followed by two case studies of the Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai, and the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.

Participatory Growth and Poverty Reduction

India: Development and Participation by Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2002; pp XXVIII + 512, Rs 395.

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