ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Democracy in PakistanSubscribe to Democracy in Pakistan

Pakistan, the Landed State

Politics, Landlords and Islam in Pakistan by Nicolas Martin; Routledge: London & New York, 2016; pp 192, ₹795.

Pakistan: Elections: Continuity Rather Than Change

The military donning some civilian clothes and Pervez Musharraf gaining further support to his authoritarian regime are two obvious outcomes of the elections.

Causes of Democratic Downslide

The dominance of the Punjabi and mohajir communities and the perceived bellicosity of India have played a deterministic role in the shaping of Pakistan. The elevation of national security as a topmost state concern and the growing centralisation of powers by a federal government has however led to a growing subordination of parliamentary procedures and the alienation of the smaller provinces. The latest constitutional reforms and a new government only heighten the inherent conflicts that democracy in Pakistan faces.

From Ideology-to-Territory-Based Nation

General Musharraf's declared resolve to make Pakistan a nontheocratic state is a step towards Pakistan's transformation from an ideology-based to a territory-based nation. Unfortunately there is a growing trend among some sections in India to give a Pakistan-type ideological orientation to India's nationhood. But the tendency to purify Indian culture from 'alien' accretions poses a threat to the security of the country by weakening national unity and the unique civilisational experiment that is India.
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