ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Income Distribution and Aggregate Demand in the Indian Economy

Does there exist a trade-off between labour income share and output growth rate? Or does a reduction in the wage share reduces the output growth rate? These questions remain central for analysing the impact of change in income distribution on the output growth rate. Since the dilution and suspension of labour laws involve exogenous changes in income distribution, the impact of such policies would depend on the relationship between income distribution and aggregate demand. This paper attempts to lay bare this relationship for the Indian economy through an empirical analysis of India’s macro data and a theoretical model based on the regression results.

An Analysis of India's Exports during the 1990s

This paper has two broad objectives: First, identify a set of factors that appear to be responsible for a significant decline in India's export growth during the post-reform era, and second, an examination of the possible impediments for high export growth in a sustained manner. The decline in Indian exports during 1996-97 was due mainly to a fall in the growth rate of export volumes. This analysis brings out the nature of demand-side factors, as against supply-side bottlenecks, that have constricted the growth of exports. However, easing of supplyside constraints too would have aided the revival of export growth.
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