ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

CycloneSubscribe to Cyclone

Who Does a Cyclone Actually Affect? Analysing the Impacts of Major Cyclones in India

While “natural disasters” such as cyclones cause widespread and indiscriminate devastation, their impact is much worse for vulnerable communities. Such groups face the brunt of not only the cyclone but also of inefficient government planning, caste discrimination, health problems and apathy.

Cyclone in the Sundarbans

Following Cyclone Amphan, relief work in the already sensitive and complex Sundarbans delta was complicated by the sudden nationwide lockdown.

Evacuation during Cyclones Phailin and Hudhud

An examination of public evacuation carried out during the cyclonic storms Phailin and Hudhud, both of which struck the east coast of India on 12 October 2013 and 2014, respectively, argues that in both cases there was lack of clarity over the nature of risk posed by the cyclones.

Lessons Cyclones Teach

There is much that still remains to be understood about disaster management.

Social Mobilisation for Rehabilitation Relief Work in Cyclone-affected Orissa

The progress of relief and rehabilitation work in the cyclone-affected areas of Orissa has been abysmally slow. The coping capacity of backward regions is weak and livelihood and support systems of the people in affected areas is vulnerable to natural calamities. Rehabilitation work needs to be integrated with the goal of restoring economic security of the people and with poverty alleviation measures. This article argues for the need to have a permanent disaster management organisation and the need to generate social mobilisation and community participation.

Lessons from Orissa Super Cyclone

The Indian Meteorological Department will need to go beyond its current attitude of scientific information dissemination to being a user-driven warning service. The department has to combine technological systems with social science knowledge if it is to provide efficient warning and save lives in a cyclone.

Orissa : Ill-prepared, Again

Several districts, many of them along Orissa’s coast, have been submerged by flash floods following incessant rains. Areas most severely affected have been the once drought-prone districts of Kalahandi and Bolangir. Over 50,000 hectares of paddy field across the state have been submerged. But this latest disaster to hit Orissa is more than just a consequence of nature’s fury. The situation has been made worse by Chhattisgarh, Orissa’s northeastern neighbour, ordering the release of 2.3 lakh cusecs of water into the already swollen Mahanadi. This is more than double the normal amount of water released with no warning issued to the Orissa government. Unfortunately, as the Chhattisgarh chief minister Ajit Jogi pointed out, four dams in the state were already overflowing and there was but little choice available. Worse, with the continuing rains, the Hirakud discharge has had to be increased severely affecting the districts of Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara along the coast, areas that had suffered severe ecological damage in the 1999 cyclone. Even more seriously, it is likely that the rising water level in the Hirakud dam will threaten the safety of the reservoir itself. A further complication to the draining of the river waters would be the full high tide in the Bay of Bengal on Friday blocking the discharge of water into the sea.

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