ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Interrogating the Drive against Child Marriage in Assam

The Assam government’s approach towards tackling child marriage is examined. While the government is utilising the Child Marriage Act, 2006 and the POCSO Act, 2012, these legal measures lack soundness and are insufficient in addressing the root causes of the problem. This gap in the legislation fails to address the unique challenges contributed by the socio-economic and cultural factors.

Socio-economic Correlates of Early Marriage of the Girl Child

The study focuses on the early marriage of the girl child in India using the fifth round of the National Family Health Survey. There are only nine states where maximum cases of a woman being married off as a child are reported, with West Bengal and Bihar taking the lead.

Early Age Female Marriage

Analysing the spatial influence of child marriage across, it has been observed that the neighbouring effects matter in variations in child marriage across the districts. Female schooling and urbanisation play significant roles in reducing the incidence of child marriage.

The Archaeology of ‘Age’ in Colonial India

Sex, Law, and the Politics of Age: Child Marriage in India, 1891–1937 by Ishita Pande, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020; pp xvi + 322, price not indicated.

Child Marriages in Haryana

Child marriage continues to prevail in Haryana despite preventive laws. The state government’s policy of conditional cash transfers aimed at eliminating child marriage has failed in incentivising parents to not get their daughters married off before they turn 18. The role of child marriage protection officers who have been given the power to prevent and prosecute solemnisation of child marriages, and create awareness on the issue is examined. In order to draft a macro-level policy pertaining to child marriages, it is important to understand the gaps in the implementation of the existing policies along with grassroots realities and the challenges of implementing them.


Trends, Differentials and Determinants of Child Marriage in India

Despite the law to prevent child marriage, the practice remains unabated in the country due to deep-rooted social and cultural norms. The cohort analysis of data from the National Family Health Surveys suggests that the prevalence of child marriage was around 58% during the decades of 1970s and 1980s, and it started declining, albeit at a slower pace, reached to 46% by 2000. The first decade of the 21st century witnessed faster decline with 21% of the girls aged 18–23 years marrying below 18 years of age, as per the estimates for the most recent reference period. The assessments of the government’s conditional cash transfer scheme to enhance value of the girl child seem to have influenced the attitudes of the parents, rather eliminating child marriage. The government’s cash transfer schemes needs revamping and is recommended to be routed through the educational system in the form of fellowships for higher studies and, in particular, vocational studies of the girls, rather than disbursing cash incentives to the family of the beneficiary girl.

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