ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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‘Fixing’ the River: Political Ecology of Changing Water Flows and Infrastructuring along the Godavari Riverscape in Nashik

Technocratic managerialism has a long legacy of infrastructuring the Godavari river to maintain the hydraulic order of Nashik city. The implementation of hard infrastructures in the riverscape has been the dominant governmentality in the city. As the city started expanding and began to spatially fix itself with more permanent roads, housing complexes, and other public infrastructures, the moments of overflow and no flow of water in the river flood and drought became incongruous with Nashik’s emerging modern urban life. In other words, they became disruptions giving rise to the need to fix the...

Entrepreneurship at the Grassroots

Taking the view that the official practice of clubbing medium, small, and microenterprises in one category is not sound, this study points out that these categories are substantially different from each other in terms of size, structure, resources, and business perspectives. Microenterprises, in particular, represent a different ecosystem whose nuances must be understood carefully so as to provide suitable inputs for an effective policy on them.

Bank Recapitalisation Bonds for Government-owned Banks

Weak balance sheets of public sector banks warrant infusion of equity capital by the government. Recapitalisation is liquidity neutral for the government when financed via an issue of government securities that a recapitalised bank is mandated to purchase. Bank balance sheets at the time of...

How Unstable Are the Sources of Livelihood?

This paper, based on the data from the annual Periodic Labour Force Survey, reflects on the lack of sustainable sources of livelihood and the phenomenon of multiple activities pursued simultaneously. A thorough analysis of the quarterly data suggests that in the rural areas, workers largely dependent on agriculture are compelled to shift to other activities in the off season. The nature of employment also varies, particularly in the urban areas. The occupational choice model estimated based on the quarterly data is indicative of changes in the marginal effect for workers of a given caste or an individual with a certain educational attainment. Certain social categories and workers with less educational attainments are more susceptible to changing probability of joining a particular activity and adopting multiple activities.

Illusion of Democracy in Financial Markets

Democratising of financial trading fails to recognise the skewed character of finance markets.

Revisiting the City–Capital Symbiosis

The urban is related to the capital through the very notion of accumulation. What goes into building the urban, both materially and perceptively is the accumulated capital, which in turn gets both (re)produced and consumed within the same set-up. The present circulation and accumulation of global capital has resulted in the creation of First World spaces within Third World cities, heterotopias which complicate claims to urban “city”zenships. The emergence of capital-infected cities and heterotopias is explored along with differential claims to urban “city”zenship using an interface with the Indian city as a context.

Problems of Market Economy

Economic Challenges for the Contemporary World: Essays in Honour of Prabhat Patnaik edited by Mausumi Das, Sabyasachi Kar and Nandan Nawn, New Delhi: Sage, 2016; pp 324+xvii, ₹1,195.

Foreign Direct Investment in India in the 1990s

This paper documents the trends in foreign direct investment in India in the 1990s, and compares them with those in China. Noting the data limitations, the study raises some issues on the effects of the recent investments on the domestic economy. Based on the analytical discussion and comparative experience, the study concludes by suggesting a realistic foreign investment policy.

Secondary Market to the Fore

The growth of the financial market in 2002-03 was much more marked in the secondary market than in the primary segment. Turnover in all three components of the secondary market - equity, debt and forex - continued to grow apace.

God, Truth and Human Agency

Rethinking Social Transformation edited by Anant Kumar Giri; Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 2001; pp 407, Rs 725 (hardback).

Marx on Capital's Globalisation

Drawing on Hegel, in his Parisian Manuscripts of 1844 Marx first attempted to show how capitalism not only contained within itself conditions for its own negation, but also created elements of the new society that would supersede it. Under capitalism, labour, like other factors, too is converted to a commodity - 'surplus labour' with exchange value; while production is not bound by limited needs or needs that limit it. Thus, the more capitalism develops, the more it is compelled to produce on a scale which has little to do with immediate demands but depends instead on a continuous enlargement of the world market - leading to 'capital's globalisation'. Yet, even as capitalism seeks to enlarge itself, it creates its own grave diggers - the proletariat who finally revolt against the system.

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