ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Gender Inequality in Well-being in India

This article proposes to measure functioning-based well-being, as proposed by Amartya Sen and others, for 28 states in India based on National Family Health Survey 3 (2005-06) data. Significant differences between states were found in terms of well-being and wealth indices. Overall, women were found to be far behind men in terms of well-being. The well-being of women was found to decline with age and when they were in larger families, unlike men. While upper-caste women were not found to be doing significantly better than Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe women, upper-caste men were better off. And the women in the northern mountainous regions were found to be doing better than women in the Indo-Gangetic plains. However, the well-being of both men and women was found to be significantly related to the wealth they possessed.

Human Capital or Human Development?

This paper compares human capital theory with the capability approach and lays out the problems with the theory. As a knowledge paradigm for education and development, it finds the theory wanting. However, it has remained the foundation for sectoral work in education and health by international financial institutions. The paper spells out the problems, historically, with World Bank lending in the education sector, some of which follow from human capital theory, while others follow from a broader neoliberal agenda. It concludes by delineating the foundational elements of an alternative knowledge paradigm for ?education for all?, based on the capability approach and its extension.

Participatory Growth and Poverty Reduction

India: Development and Participation by Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2002; pp XXVIII + 512, Rs 395.

Development and Participation

There is a blind spot in Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen's updated version of their earlier book India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity which has to do with the instruments of public action. Representative governance at the local level is something new in India after 1993 and Dreze and Sen fail to appreciate the true nature of local self-government as a key instrument of people's participation.

Gender Bias in Child Mortality

Gender Bias in Child Mortality SHARADA SRINIVASAN This note points to some disturbing aspects about child mortality in Tamil Nadu that are overlooked in Amartya Sen
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