ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Public Expenditure in Agriculture

Trends in public expenditure related to the agriculture sector in India are recategorised and analysed to understand the spatial and temporal trends in expenditure, the extent to which it has shifted across various subsectors, and assess if the sectors, prioritised and promoted, receive commensurate allocations.

Rythu Bharosa Kendras of Andhra Pradesh

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established Rythu Bharosa Kendras (Farmer Assurance Centres) at the village level to take the agriculture-related services to the doorsteps of the farmers. Within three years of their advent, RBKs have found a place in the list of national best practices and NITI Aayog is proposing to replicate the model in other states. While decentralised service delivery is a positive development, the long list of its mandated services is proving to be a bottleneck for effective service delivery. This article examines the functioning of RBKs at the village level to evaluate the merits of the programme.

What Determines Groundwater Exploitation in India?

The authors are thankful to an anonymous referee for making very constructive comments and useful suggestions on the earlier version of the paper and the Alagappa University, Karaikudi for providing research assistance for writing this paper from the RUSA Phase 2.0 Scheme. The views expressed in this paper are the authors’ own. A Narayanamoorthy (narayana64@gmail.com) is senior professor and head, K S Sujitha (sujithakiran861@gmail.com) is research associate, R Suresh (saga42.suresh@gmail.com) is an assistant professor, and P Jothi (jothi5050@gmail.com) is adjunct lecturer at the Department of Economics and Rural Development, Alagappa University, Tamil Nadu.

M S Swaminathan

M S Swaminathan contributed not only to agriculture and rural development in India but also helped other developing countries through his leadership of the International Rice Research Institute and many other international bodies devoted to research and practical application of advances in agricultural sciences with the primary objective of eliminating hunger and ensuring universal food and nutrition security.

The Changing Role of Agriculture in the Global Climate Policy Regime

The UNFCCC treaty of 1992 conceived of the agriculture sector primarily as a site of adaptation. However, there has been increasing pressure in the global climate regime to reconfigure agriculture into a site of deep emission cuts to meet the Paris temperature targets. Land-based mitigation measures—as opposed to adaptation measures—are prioritised and promoted by influential sections, including developed countries and international development and climate organisations. The emphasis on mitigation is an extension of the strategy of developed countries to transfer the responsibility of deep emission reductions to developing countries in the context of the failure of the former to undertake deep emission reductions in the decades following the establishment of the UNFCCC.

Recalling the Contributions of M S Swaminathan (1925–2023)

A leading agriculture scientist, humanist, and institution builder, M S Swaminathan passed away on 28 September 2023. The best way to honour him and his rich legacy is by continuing his unfinished mission of eradicating malnutrition with more determination and vigour.

Imprint of Fertiliser Policies on Farming Practices

The policies related to the use of nitrogen fertilisers since independence are reviewed using primary and secondary databases to derive the present status of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertiliser use among farmers. Recommendations for increasing nitrogen use efficiency in agriculture for sustainability are provided.

International Organisations and Agriculture

Food for All: International Organizations and the Transformation of Agriculture by Uma Lele, Manmohan Agarwal, Brian C Baldwin, and Sambuddha Goswami, New York: Oxford University Press, 2021; pp xxxvii + 1024, $150 (hardcover).

Unravelling the Interplay between Agriculture, Livelihood, and Identity

Apple Is Our Livelihood edited by Nidheesh J Villat, Shubhojeet Dey and Navina Lamba, New Delhi: P Sundarayya Memorial Trust, 2022; pp 116, `150 (hardcover).

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