ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Special Issues

Development, Displacement and Rehabiliation
The law and policy frameworks for allocation or reallocation of water to different uses, or within a category of use, remain underdeveloped in India. This paper intends providing a starting point for...
The first full-year budget of the National Democratic Alliance government announced a sharp focus on investment, growth and social security. In addition, Budget 2015-16 claims to have given a boost...
The many schemes that have been announced in the name of social security are limited in scope and the quantum of security they prefer. The promotional schemes will also be linked to the market and...
Since it is neither feasible nor desirable to reduce central grants to the states equivalent to the increase in tax devolution, the award of the Fourteenth Finance Commission is certainly not revenue...
In the Budget Speech the finance minister announced a phased reduction in the rate of corporate tax alongside a removal of exemptions. What is likely to be the differential impact on large and small...
Currently India is the largest consumer and importer of gold in the world. Monetising the gold within the country is, therefore, important for macroeconomic stability, and requires a credible scheme...
Afghanistan's hope that market-driven agriculture will ensure its economic transformation demonstrates a wilful disregard of the links between the economic and political marketplaces in the country,...
Development projects in the North East are packaged as economic interventions to improve the lives of people, but are detached from militarised ground realities. These initiatives to rebuild post-...
Secure and just land tenure, and sound management of land and natural resources are crucial to easing conflicts between farmers, the State, and extractive industries. This paper underlines that...
The policies of the Sri Lankan state since the late 1970s have seen a widening gap between its neo-liberal foundations and its attempts to claim popular legitimacy, and this structure of politics...
In Nepal, a decade-long insurgency, led by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) continued till 2006, claimed more than 13,000 lives, and displaced thousands of people. Arguing that Nepal has...
These articles on the challenges of development in post-war or post-conflict societies offer an opportunity to engage critically with the issue from a viewpoint that embraces politically...
How did the middle- and upp er-middle-class voters vote in the 2014 elections? Apart from purely numerical effects, the middle class is electorally more impactful relative to its size because of its...
This paper attempts to explain why some regional parties flourished and others fizzled out in the 16th general elections to the Lok Sabha. To explain this variation, it makes a distinction between...
A clear majority for the Bharatiya Janata Party in the Lok Sabha and its spread across most states in the 2014 general elections marks a departure from the electoral outcomes of almost a quarter...
The landslide victory of the Bharatiya Janata Party in Uttar Pradesh in the Lok Sabha elections surprised not only its rivals and political observers, but even its own leaders. While the 71 seats won...
The electoral verdict in Bihar can be attributed to two factors. One, there was a clear preference among the voters for change at the centre. Two, the Bharatiya Janata Party's emphasis on carefully...
Analysing the National Election Study data from 1996 to 2014, this paper examines the effect of media exposure on Indian elections to reach four main conclusions. First, in the last two decades,...
In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party put together an unprecedented social coalition: in addition to the upper castes and Other Backward Classes, it received support from the...
The Congress Party's defeat in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections reflected not just its failure to retain its vote shares of the previous polls in 2004 and 2009, but also the lack of a clear social...
The 2014 Lok Sabha elections saw an effort by the Bharatiya Janata Party to project leadership as a key strategy in its campaign. The response of the electorate provided important indications of the...
The government must recognise that one source of China’s strategic economic growth is an institution with strategic planning capacities, the National Development and Reform Commission. The success of...
Now that the government has decided to abolish the Planning Commission and create a new body in its place, the question is what form and shape should the replacement take? Three articles discuss...
What needs to be done to give the plan process a new content and direction, and make the proposed National Development and Reform Commission an effective body?
The agriculture sector has grown rapidly in the past decade but this has been on the back of rising real prices and not productivity growth. Budget 2014 made a large number of announcements on new...
A critique of the macroeconomic framework that underlies the fiscal consolidation approach of the Union Budget for 2014-15 .
The emphasis on use of digital technologies to bridge the "rural-urban gap" in the union budget is limited to high talk and minimal allocations. The need for a more comprehensive and peoples'...
The union budget for 2014-15 offers few changes in terms of policy priorities from the United Progressive Alliance government's interim budget for 2014-15, and it fails to recognise the cracks in the...
In recent years, fiscal consolidation has been led by contraction in government spending. In the Union Budget for 2014-15 revenue mobilisation has received a major thrust, as buoyancies of all major...
Oral history raises questions about the relationship between subjectivity and history – particularly the role memory plays in understanding what historical events mean to human subjects who...
This paper moves away from definitions of oral history as a purely research methodology or secondary source material for mainstream disciplines, by concentrating on the variables it offers as a...
This collection of five papers presents some key issues in understanding oral history, not only as a resource but also as an interpretative apparatus that opens up new ways of understanding the past...
This paper focuses on two main topics - the development of oral history in the Czech Republic after the Velvet Revolution in 1989, and the important issues and problems currently faced by oral...
As a method, oral history's origins lie in a commitment to challenge, reveal and give voice to those disempowered, misrepresented, or simply missed out of official, dominant accounts of the past. In...
Memory is often discussed as an asset or a liability. Memory can function as "monument" in the form of commemoration and celebration of a proud collective identity, and a foundation on which...
Akbar Zaidi’s (2014: 47) article “is a critique of how the political economy has been constructed in Pakistan, especially with regard to the state and the military (perhaps for understandable reasons...
In the Preface to a new book (to be published next month) which examines Pakistan’s political economy afresh, having lamented the state of social science discourse in Pakistan, I write, I have more...
The township of Lyari in Karachi has been proffered as a space in the heart of metropolitan Pakistan that exists outside of the de facto writ of the state. Its geographical boundaries purportedly...
Five scholars engage with S Akbar Zaidi's proposed agenda for research in the political economy of Pakistan, "Rethinking Pakistan's Political Economy" (1 February 2014). Majed Akhter introduces the...
S Akbar Zaidi has to be congratulated for initiating the quite formidable task of “rethinking Pakistan’s political economy” in the face of both global stereotyping and the poor state of social...
Contemporary scholars of Pakistan are in agreement about the defining characteristics marking the changing nature of capital accumulation in the country. Notable features include the rise of the...
India faces two distinct uncertainties in the short run: the nature of the electoral outcome, and the reduction in the United States' bond buying programme. The potential shocks could cause short-...
Adverse supply shocks in agriculture have contributed to the slowdown of the Indian economy and the inflation surge. A decline in public capital formation has also played a part in the slowdown...
The next government in New Delhi will have to proactively address the energy crisis in India. The steps to be taken have to be in keeping with a long-term strategy that should aim to increase effi...
India's current account deficit has widened in recent years primarily because of the steep increase in the deficit on the merchandise trade account. While imports have grown with the surge in gold...
A look at the historical trajectory of the media in Odisha shows that it had little to do with business interests till the 1980s. Political interests and state power, especially state-sponsored...
Odisha presents a crisis of democracy with an upper-caste patriarchal domination that has been consolidated through the formation and expansion of a middle class that provides services to the...
Attempting to analyse how and why Odisha has gradually become hostage to the politics of Hindutva, this paper traces the evolution of the state's syncretic tradition, which, despite occasional...
Mines and other large industrial projects in Odisha have meant the large-scale displacement of people, and destruction of the environment. These have led to widespread grass-roots resistance. This...
People's movements in the various tribal districts of Odisha have been opposing plans for mineral extraction and industries that will deprive them of their land and livelihoods. However, the...
The Urjit Patel Committee has come out in favour of the Reserve Bank of India moving towards a flexible infl ation targeting system. This approach to monetary policy is a product of the much-...
An elementary model of the Urjit Patel report is formulated here. Along with the positive repo rate-infl ation rate target connection, open economy controls as well as institutional data are...
Disregarding international experience of recent years, the Urjit Patel Committee recommends that the Reserve Bank of India pursue a single objective of infl ation targeting. It focuses on the...
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