ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Review of Labour

Review of Labour
On examining the dynamics of the processes of change in the status of labour and employment in the rapidly globalising state of Gujarat in India, this study shows that the rapid growth in the state...
There is a debate in India about the possible extension of minimum wages to all wage-earners. This study provides some benchmark figures on the effects of either making the national minimum wage...
This article analyses the impact of the 2008-09 global economic meltdown on workers in the unorganised sector of the gem polishing and construction industries in Rajasthan. Based on a primary survey...
Even as state governments invest in social welfare measures, they are forced into constant competition with one another to attract private investments, offering a good "investment climate" that...
With a case study of young workers in organised retail in shopping malls in Kolkata, this paper aims to illuminate how emerging labour processes as well as the organisation and culture of new...
This paper tries to interpret the nature of emerging labour relations in the manufacturing sector in the era of globalisation in India. It shows how high road employment practices can exist only if...
Based on fieldwork in the Tiruppur garment manufacturing cluster in Tamil Nadu, this paper focuses on the ways in which ethical corporate regulations are shaped by and constitutive of power relations...
This essay foregrounds the phenomenon of informalised self-employment and explores its implications for potentially new forms of labour activism. The relation which defines the new location of labour...
This paper extends an earlier critique (Bhattacharjea 2006) of the empirical literature on labour regulation and industrial performance in India, but focuses more narrowly on the impact of legal...
This essay re-evaluates the historical trajectories and outstanding labour and gender issues of Export Processing Zones/Special Economic Zones on the basis of the experiences of South Korea,...
The decline of the political significance of industrial conflicts is not quite a result of the structural changes in management-labour relations (as commonly thought) in these times of globalisation...
The fundamental challenge before the trade union movement is to find a new discursive space which will allow it to accommodate the reality of diverse labour practices and relate these practices to...
China's economy has recorded extraordinarily rapid growth for more than two decades. What have been the employment effects of this growth? And to what extent have these effects been conditioned by...
A review of evidence on employment and wages from selected European Union countries leads one to surmise that in the context of developing countries, we tend to judge the performance of labour...
The growth of the information technology enabled services-business process outsourcing industry calls for attention to employees' working conditions and rights. Can an independent organisation such...
This paper looks at how Nike's soccer ball suppliers (previous and current) in Sialkot (Pakistan) fare in relation to the company's code of ethics. While minimum required working conditions are...
In Kanpur, JK Cotton Spinning and Weaving Mills Company, the flagship of the erstwhile undivided JK Group, has been closed since 1989. The mill was closed while it was undergoing an ambitious...
This paper disinters the report of the National Commission on Labour to reveal the ideological basis of the changes sought in the labour laws. Changes suggested in the labour laws flow from an...
Economic liberalisation has brought about significant changes in the experience and meanings of work, as well as in the social consciousness and political subjectivity of workers. This paper explores...
This paper attempts an ex post evaluation of the voluntary retirement scheme in Bharat Aluminium from a worker-oriented perspective. Apart from enquiring as to how the VRS optees assess the context...
What are the implications of globalisation on constructions of identity. This paper is based on an in-depth case study of a financial services company operating in the United Kingdom and Mumbai. It...
There is intense debate on labour market reforms in India today. It is argued that but for restrictive labour laws that create inflexibility in the labour market, the Indian economy would have...
Organisations in the information technology enabled services sector have been very successful in using exclusivist and inclusivist strategies to keep unions at bay. These strategies have reinforced...
This paper illustrates the challenges involved in achieving "decent work", as conceptualised by the International Labour Organisation, in the urban informal economy through measuring decent work...
This paper seeks to focus attention on the challenge of decent work for the working poor in the informal economy. The findings presented here are based on recent analyses of national data in a cross-...
Road transport workers struggle with low wages, long working hours, poor working conditions, occupational health hazards and lack of social protection. This paper provides an overview of the work...
Street hawking is generally considered as a "menace" or an "eyesore" that prevents the development of Mumbai as a world-class city. But this article explores the essential presence of hawkers in a...
India's workforce comprises nearly 92 per cent in the unorganised segment, with the entire farm sector falling under the informal category, while only one-fifth of the non-farm workers are found in...
According to the "over-urbanisation" thesis, migrants move into the urban areas in search of jobs, and in the face of limited employment opportunities in the high productivity industrial sector, they...
In order to effectively compete in a global market the industrial sector demands flexibility. To circumvent rigidities imposed by labour laws, the new form of employment that is being created in the...
This paper, based on a sample study of female migrant workers in Tamil Nadu, highlights the trends, pattern and nature of female migration in Tamil Nadu; the push and pull factors of migration and...
Wages and working conditions in Bangalore?s rapidly expanding garments export sector, employing a large number of women, remain completely unregulated. Governments and mainstream trade unions have...
This paper aims to examine how ITI sought to respond to the challenges and threats posed by deregulation, and the impact these actions had on the employees. It concentrates on the initiatives pursued...
In the changed circumstances since the 1970s, it has become increasingly apparent that the capitalist system is unable to provide for the reproduction of its own labour force. Analyses of the welfare...
This paper attempts to examine recent research done on street vendors in Asia with the aim of assessing the magnitude of street vending in different countries and the composition of the vendors...
With a case study of labour in a new industrial setting in Kothur, Andhra Pradesh, this paper seeks to address a number of questions: (1) From what context is labour migrating to Kothur? (2) What is...
This paper seeks to comprehensively study the issues in the debate on labour flexibility. Section I outlines the arguments for and against labour flexibility and the demands posed by employers and...
This article explores the conduct of research on the cultural construction of craftswomen's work and self-employment, drawing on characteristics of feminist geographies and gender development...
The United Arab Emirates once formed a principal destination for Indian emigrants in search of jobs. But the fear of a rapid demographic imbalance has prompted a policy shift - 'emiritisation' -...
This article explores the scope and limitations of social capital and local forms of social security in the informal sector through a case study of railway coolies at Dadar station, Mumbai. The...
In this paper, the author argues that the creation of cheap labour economies in the third world results in the creation of cheap labour economies in the first world. Thus wage rates are depressed all...
In defiance of specific national legislation and broader state commitments to international conventions, debt bondage continues to pervade agriculture, and has spread into small-scale industry in...
This paper discusses the dynamics of the labour market in the context of the structural changes in the rubber small-holding sector. The authors (a) analyse the processes determining tapping and its...
This paper reports a study of two brick kiln operations in northern India. These kilns operate in a largely unregulated manner in the informal sector and remain outside the purview of workplace laws...
The changing policy orientation from mid-1980s onwards has serious implications for the institutions and actors involved in the process of industrialisation. The labour market is no exception. This...
Unemployment is attributed to labour market deficiency in terms of shortage of skilled and educated labour force rather than to the deficiency of aggregate demand. This paper argues that an attempt...
This paper argues that the bilateral nature of labour-management relations is being obfuscated today by a unitarian management project. Democracy in the business organisation and the workplace in...
This article attempts to study the linkages between empowerment of women and reduction of child labour in the beedi industry in rural Tamil Nadu. It also analyses the socio-economic conditions of...
This study investigates the key determinants of child labour hours and child schooling experience, paying special attention to the interaction between the two. A significant methodogical feature that...
The 1990s saw a surge in parental demand for education which prompted a new phenomenon, the growth of small fee-charging private schools for the less privileged. While this development has been...
In the drive for universal education all children not in school have been subsumed as working children. Such a development is ill-advised. This article analyses this changing definition in the...
Children of landless labourers in Andhra Pradesh's Ranga Reddy district now attend school instead of employing their labour to augment a meagre family income. The impetus has come from their parents...
The occasional spurts of attention that child labour has gained in the recent past following the debates on globalisation and its impact have often raised only a cacophonic noise instead of a...
Social labelling is an initiative introduced in the nineties with a view to eliminating the exploitation of child labour in carpet production in India. The four labelling programmes, viz, RUGMARK,...
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