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Sectoral Balance, Economic Policy and Indian Economic Development

chairman's tenure was shelved because it did not adequately take cognisance of the real politik that sugar policy has to face upto. It is believed that the last BICP study recommended a virtual restructuring of the industry in certain regions. One wonders what ideas the present study will come up with. It would also be shelved if it does not incorporate the political compulsions that government is subject to particularly in the case of sugar which, given the recent developments in Maharashtra Congress(I) politics, will once again become important parameters for any policy. On the other hand, it would be a futile exercise if it were not to confront boldly the problems facing the crop and the industry.


opposed to it, and she knew of cases where a Bengali woman who had a Caesarian section held against her, with tragic consequences. So Wendy Savage allowed a longer trial of labour for this woman, but eventually had to persuade her and her husband that a normal delivery was not going to be possible. The baby died two days later, but no post-mortem was carried out and the cause of death remains obscure. Wendy Savage is convinced that the death was not caused by the delay in operating, but the couple in question remain unhappy and feel that she let them down.

A Savage Enquiry

December 27, 1986 A Savage Enquiry Roger Jeffery IN April 1985, Wendy Savage's contract as a Consultant Obstetrician Senior Lecturer at the London Hospital Medical School was suspended. 'Suspension', as a means of discipline, is rarely used in the NHS. The procedure partly prejudges the issues in question, since the accused is punished before she has a chance to 'defend herself, and so it is usually involved only when serious malpractice is invoked. But in this case, the accusation was of alleged incompetence; and the specific complaint rested on five cases selected from Wendy Savage's case-load of 800 women delivered by her under her supervision during fourteen months in 1983-84. Other people saw Savage's competence in a different light: this became clear in June 1985, when she received the award of Fellowship of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, granted (as always) for "advancing the science and practice of obstetrics and gynaecology".

GUJARAT-Menace of Moneylenders in Sagbara

Menace of Moneylenders in Sagbara Mathew Kalathil THE Antyodaya Programme and the Integrated Rural Development Programme have attempted to bring a certain number of poor families above the poverty line within a given period of time. The protagonists of such programmes at times give the impression that rural impoverisation is about to be effectively brought under check. While imaginative programmes for eradication of poverty are needed, it is also necessary to look at the process of rural pauperisation. What condemns people to live below the poverty line? How many people are affected by the process of pauperisation? How does the process operate? Who are responsible for its operation? what can bring the process under control? A look at some cases from Sagbara taluka of Bharuch district suggests that usurious moneylending is a major factor explaining the rapid pauperisation in the area. It is more than likely that such cases abound in other areas also.

New Sugar Policy Better Late than Never

New Sugar Policy: Better Late than Never SB THE Seventh Plan has been with us for so long now that it does come as a surprise to be told that the new sugar policy announced last week is in fact the policy for the Seventh Five-Year Plan. What is of course even more surprising is the fact that there is hardly anything new about the new policy. Consider its main features:

WEST BENGAL-Above Class Struggle

December 20, 1986 allowed him to sell either by private treaty or by public auction 200 acres of the non- planted area of the estate, on condition that the fund so raised would be used to pay the decree amount to the bank and the balance if any, may be used to pay the arrear wages. The planter claimed that there were no takers JOT the estate because of its continuing 'labour unrest. The workers rightly fear that the planter is trying to fragment the estate and sell it off, thereby throwing them out of employment completely. Meanwhile, the tahsildar of the taluk initiated auction of the estate under the Revenue Recovery Act for realisations of various arrears. Against this, the planter obtained a stay order which still in force.

NEW DELHI-Is Private Enterprise More Efficient-Case of Fertiliser Industry

NEW DELHI Is Private Enterprise More Efficient? Case of Fertiliser Industry BM AN Indian economist on the staff of the World Bank office in India pontificated the other day with great vehemence that, in the face of scarcity of resources, the government would be well advised to allow private enterprise to undertake the expansion of the fertiliser industry in the country. The fertiliser industry is, after all, very important for the growth of agriculture and it should not be allowed to stagnate. This recommendation is further strengthened by the argument that private enterprise is more efficient and profitable in contrast to public enterprises. What the ardent advocates of private enterprise have failed to notice or have chosen deliberately to ignore, however, is that the government has already adopted their prescription in the case, at least, of the fertiliser industry. The expansion of this core industry during the Seventh Plan has been assigned entirely to big private business houses. At the same time, an elaborate scheme has been drawn up for closure in a phased manner of loss-making fertiliser plants in the public sector.

KERALA-Planter at Large, Labour at Crossroads

thousand workers. The cost to the excheque by way of retrenchment compensation as a statutory obligation is estimated to be Rs 250 crore. This gives an inkling of the scale and dimensions of the wider scheme for the closure or privatisation of industrial units in the public sector and the much talked of 'golden handshake' that is proposed to be offered to workers in public sector enterprises. At the end of the plan period, therefore, the position of the public sector in the industrial structure of the country will be significantly diluted. The role of public sector will then be limited to the provision of infrastructural support to private enterprise in the industrial development process.

CHANDIGARH WOMENS CONFERENCE-Women in Informal Sector-To Keep on Keeping on

CHANDIGARH WOMENS CONFERENCE Women in Informal Sector 'To Keep on Keeping on' (By a Special Correspondent) A SIGNIFICANT section of working women in the country were engaged in informal sector occupations under most oppressive working and living conditions with no legal protection. The women here, as any other oppressed section, cannot be considered a passive lot. Many spontaneous and organised struggles have been conducted, and in the last ten years specific efforts of building organisations among this sectiori have not only been prevalent on a wide scale, but many of the successful experiments in such mobilisation have forced a reconsideration of issues regarding the conventional strategies and tactics of mobilisation of masses. Sessions on Women, Informal Sector and Forms of Struggle at the national conference on women's studies held at Chandigarh in October 1986 took a critical look at these developments.

Afzal Bangash A Life Dedicated to Militant Struggle

Militant Struggle Feroz Ahmed MOHAMMAD AFZAL BANGASH, president of the Pakistan Mazdoor Kisan Party and prominent politician of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), passed away in Peshawar on October 29. His death signals the end of the old generation of dedicated revolutionaries in Pakistan. Bangash was 62.

ANDHRA PRADESH- Murder of a Veteran Democrat

among the middle and small peasantry. Others in the state government like Vilasrao Deshmukh are new-comers to politics. By contrast Pawar has deep roots among the middle and small Maratha peasantry in Marathwada, western Maharashtra and certain districts of Vidarbha. A large number of his party's legislators have been elected to the state Assembly from rural constituencies.

PAKISTAN- Pakistan Television Zia-Junejo-Mullah Show

December 13, 1986 PAKISTAN Pakistan Television: Zia-Junejo-Mullah Show Babar Ali THE fact that the media is controlled and manipulated by the government in all countries is accepted by even those who speak for the government. For those individuals who can see beyond the facade of governments and for those who talk in terms of classes, the media essentially reproduces the ideology of the dominant class' sections of which may not even be in government. In underdeveloped countries this phenomenon is even more important and marked as democratic norms are usually the exception and dictators, either of a military or civil genre, run the country on behalf of some vested interests.


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