ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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ICJ Ruling and Humanitarian Catastrophe in Gaza

Following the ICJ ruling, the onus of preventing genocide in Gaza rests with Israel and its allies.

One day before the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered its interim ruling on 26 January 2024 in the case filed by South Africa against Israel, alleging that the latter has violated the genocide convention. Finding it plausible that Israel’s actions could amount to genocide, the ICJ has passed interim measures putting obligations on Israel, including abstaining from actions that violate the genocide convention, stopping and punishing the public encouragement of genocide, and ensuring the immediate and effective delivery of humanitarian aid to civilians in Gaza.

Importantly, the Court also required Israel to preserve evidence related to allegations of genocidal acts and report to the Court, within one month, on all actions taken in accordance with its decision. Although the ICJ did not concur with South Africa’s demand for an immediate ceasefire, it directed Israel to do everything possible to avoid death, devastation, and any acts of genocide in Gaza. The ICJ ruling, which will keep Israel under legal scrutiny for years to come, will be hard to fulfil without some form of break in the ongoing hostilities; in other words, a ceasefire.

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Updated On : 10th Feb, 2024
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