ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Framework for India’s Long-term Strategy for Curbing Climate Change

A long-term strategy is needed to mitigate the processes in India that lead to climate change. This strategy, if implemented through a proper institutional framework and after including the crucial stakeholders in the decision-making process, will have important implications for policymaking.

To call for a long-term strategy (LTS) at a time such as this may be difficult to envision. At the same time, there is no time more crucial than now to argue for an LTS for sustainable economic growth. The steep declines in global economic output, spiking unemployment against the backdrop of continuous and increasing threat to lives and livelihoods as a result of the Covid-19 crisis, are only indicative of the extent of damage impending due to impacts of climate change (Manzanedo and Manning 2020).

Nationwide lockdowns and cutbacks in economic activity resulted in a decline of about 17% in daily global emissions of April 2020 as compared with the average levels of 2019 (Le Quéré et al 2020). India alone witnessed a decline of 15% in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in March, and a projected decline of about 30% in April 2020 vis-à-vis 1981 (Myllyvirta and Dahiya 2020). These outcomes, while positive, are transitory. By June 2020, emissions had risen to just 5% below the average 2019 levels (Le Quéré et al [supplementary data] 2020). Past crises have reported similar trends. In 2009, global CO2 emissions fell by 1%, but grew by 4.5% in 2010 which was almost double of the five-year average increase of 2.4% at the time (Hepburn et al 2020).1

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Updated On : 16th Feb, 2021

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