ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Farmers’ Experiences in Adilabad District of Telangana

Marketing and Procurement of Cotton

The farmers’ experiences related to cotton marketing are analysed based on the field survey data in 10 sample villages of the Adilabad district of Telangana during 2019–20.


Telangana is one of the top three cotton producing states, next to Maharashtra and Gujarat. Area under cotton and production have been rapidly growing in Telangana over the past two decades (Figure 1). Cotton crop has been expanded in the state by more than threefolds after the introduction of Bt cotton that reduced the biological risks of pest incidence in cotton. Thus, a large area of millets, pulses, and oilseed crops were diverted to cotton crop over the past 20 years. It is important to note that cotton production has increased in the state by about fivefolds over the past 20 years, primarily due to area increase under cotton at higher growth rate than production growth rate over the past two decades (Abhilasha 2020).

Despite rapid growth in cotton area and production, it is widely reported that the highest number of farmers’ suicides were among those farmers who predominantly grow cotton. Indebtedness is highest among cotton farmers in the state. Although production-related constraints were addressed through tech­nological and extension interventions, marketing constraints have emer­ged as serious impeding issues for cotton farmers in the recent past. Increased cotton production over the past 20 years has also brought pressure upon the marketing system of cotton (Gohain and Singh 2018; Geetha and Mahesh 2019).

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Updated On : 4th Dec, 2021
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