ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

The Pitfalls of Quota for Locals

The employment quota for locals is politically repugnant and also vexing for the economy.

 

The legislation of the Bharatiya Janata Party-led Haryana government to reserve 75% of new jobs with monthly salaries of below `50,000 for local candidates, in all private establishments employing 10 or more persons, once again brings to the fore issues regarding the constitutional validity of such reservations and also their implications for the economy and polity. Though, since the early 1960s reservation for local candidates in employment has been a recurring demand in some of the more developed states; the issue once again is slowly gaining momentum with more states, including less developed ones, resorting to such moves.

Various provisions of the Constitution not only guarantee free movement and settlement of citizens in all regions of the country but also prohibit any discrimination on the basis of place of birth, or any other grounds. In fact, the Public Employment (Requirement as to Residence) Act, 1957 even repeals all legal provisions that prescribed residence requirement for public employment in any state. And a Supreme Court judgment (Charu Khurana v Union of India) in 2014 had declared as unconstitutional all restrictions on employment based on place of residence. Despite this, many governments, including those in Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, and Tamil Nadu, continue to roll out or promise regulations to favour employment of locals. And in some states like Bihar, even opposition groups have demanded such quotas for locals.

Dear reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here

Updated On : 20th Mar, 2021

Comments

(-) Hide

EPW looks forward to your comments. Please note that comments are moderated as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear. A comment, if suitable, may be selected for publication in the Letters pages of EPW.

Back to Top