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Pitfalls of Green Revolution

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This letter to the editor is a response to “India’s Green Revolution and Beyond: Visioning Agrarian Futures on Selective Readings of Agrarian Pasts” by Richa Kumar (EPW, 24 August 2019). The article is an eye-opener, providing an insight into the agrarian history of pre-green revolution India. It delves into reasons and circumstances contributing to the adoption and institutionalisation of “productivity-oriented” green revolution agriculture, hitherto unaddressed in the contemporary literature. 

It is a tragedy that the green revolution model of agricultural development has made such headway that it is almost impossible to do away with the concept and practice of “increasing production” not only of crop, but of livestock, fish, and virtually all sectors of agriculture at the cost of the environment, economy, ecology, nutrition, diversity, etc. A country with a tradition of paddy and millet cultivation adopted a new agricultural development strategy based on wheat, the food of the elite. Now, millet, the food of the poor, is becoming the food of the elite. The multi-crop model existing in different agroecological conditions has been neglected at the cost of environment and socio-economy, adopting a monocrop model heralded by the green revolution. 

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Updated On : 13th Sep, 2019

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