ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Create Seed Systems

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The availability, accessibility and affordability of improved seed varieties at the right time and in sufficient quantities, is crucial for increasing farmers’ incomes. Many research studies have revealed that the use of recommended seed varieties and quality seeds increases profi ts. However, the availability of such seeds during the sowing period is a problem faced by farmers. Farm-saved seeds of nondescript varieties still contribute to about 50% of the cropped area of most crops like pulses, millets and oilseeds. Replacing the farm-saved seeds with either certifi ed, or truthfully labelled seeds, will have the potential to increase farmers’ yields and profi ts by 30%–40% with very little investment.

The existing formal seed production agencies—including public sector agencies like the National Seed Corporation (NSC) and State Seed Corporations (SSCs), as well as private companies—meet just about 30%–40% of the seed needs of the farmers. However, these agencies tend to focus on seed production for major commercial crops like cotton and vegetables, where they can avail of high profits. The seed availability for rain-fed crops like pulses, oilseeds and millets, is not sufficient, especially in remote villages and backward states. Most of the farmers still use farm-saved seeds of old varieties released 20 years back, even though new varieties with 20%–30% higher yield potential are available. As a result, farmers’ yields of these crops are lower by 50%– 60% compared to their potential yields observed at the research stations.

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Updated On : 16th Apr, 2018
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