ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Self-fulfilling Equilibrium and Social Disparities in Urban India

This article examines the persistence of group-based disparities in education and labour market outcomes in India. It argues that a possible reason responsible for this phenomenon is the existence of a self-fulfilling equilibrium trap. The social belief that certain groups are inferior leads to discrimination against them; over time, however, these communities start behaving in a manner that justifies society's perceptions about them, reinforcing and perpetuating initial disparities. The study uses NSSO data from the 68th round.

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