ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Crime of Cruel and Unusual Punishment in the US

Out of Control: A Fifteen Year Battle against Control Unit Prisons by Nancy Kurshan (San Francisco: The Freedom Archives), 2013; pp 229, $20.

Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling by Sabrina Jones and Marc Mauer (New York: The New Press), 2013; pp 111, $17.95.

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colourblindness, revised edition by Michelle Alexander (New York: The New Press), 2012; pp 312, $19.95.

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted – VIIIth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States 1791.

Time is very long within these four walls”. A prisoner in solitary confinement at the Eastern Penitentiary, Philadelphia to Charles Dickens “American Notes” 1842.

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