ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Right Wing Extremism in Greece

The Rise of the Golden Dawn

The rise of the neo-Nazi Golden Dawn Party in Greece is a consequence of disenchantment with the polity, the economic crisis and the inability of the mainstream political parties to articulate a progressive position on the issue of "outsider" immigration to Greece.

Nazism is not new to Greece. Back in the 1940s Greece was violently invaded and occupied by Germany between April 1941 and October 1944. The German invasion had followed the failed attempt of fascist Italy to occupy Greece. It was at that time the Nazism appeared in Greece. Although the vast majority of Greeks fought bravely against the Germans and struggled against the occupation, there was a small minority who cooperated with German administration, acting against their co-citizens. These people, with the aid of the Nazi regime, earned privileges, protection and, of course, money.

After the liberation of Greece, paradoxically, these people were never punished. On the contrary, they enjoyed their big fortunes, created with dirty ways during the occupation and got actively involved in social and economic life of Greece. Betrayers, black marketeers, blackmailers, snitches and some of them murderers, had the chance to become stronger economically and politically and remained unpunished.

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