ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sociology of Education

Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns edited by Geetha B Nambissan and S Srinivasa Rao (New Delhi: Oxford University Press), 2012; pp x + 277, Rs 750.

In India, sociology of education (SoE) was initiated with the efforts of scholars like M S Gore, Suma Chitnis, I Desai, S C Dube, A R Desai, M S A Rao, Yogendra Singh, Y B Damle and others. They jointly conducted an all-India field survey on the social and economic background of students, teachers and parents, their values, attitudes and aspirations in various educational institutions.Together, they published their findings as Field Studies in the Sociology of Education in 1970. Only after a gap of two decades, N Jayaram published Sociology of Education in India in 1990 (Rawat publications, Jaipur). This was the second attempt to look at the contemporary emerging issues such as the impact of colonialism on our education – growth of urban education, the education-employment mismatch, reservation policy and the role of teacher and student unions. Simultaneously, SoE has been defined and redefined by a set of theoretical and methodological disputes. Debates among sociologists and educationists regarding the concern of educational sociology and sociology of education and their respective approaches have characterised the dispute. As a result, no serious attempt was made to look inside the school system.

With this understanding, a conference titled “Sociology of Education: Looking Back, Looking Ahead” was organised in 2006 at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. This was the second time after 1964 that scholars debated on the rising concerns in SoE. The present volume, Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns, is the outcome of this debate.

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