ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Telangana-An Inevitable Decision

Telangana indicates that perhaps it is time to rethink the organisation of states in India.

The unanimous decision by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) to initiate the formation of Telangana state from Andhra Pradesh brings to a closure a long period of uncertainty. While it has been received with much, if somewhat weary, jubilation in the 10 districts which will form the new state, it has surprisingly elicited a muted reaction in the coastal districts and Rayalaseema areas of Andhra Pradesh which have been opposed to this bifurcation. Hopefully, the protests will not be fanned by the political leaders. In a sense, the decision in favour of Telangana had become inevitable; it was no longer a question of whether, but of when.

Even at the moment of the creation of a united Andhra Pradesh in the 1950s, the demand for a separate state of Telangana was strong, contained only by a “gentleman’s pact”. By the late 1960s this pact had come off and an intense agitation for “de-merger” claimed hundreds of lives and was only contained with intense repression of the agitators and the buying out of the leaders. In the present phase, which started a little over a decade ago, the interesting aspect has been that the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), which initiated and spearheaded the agitation, has not been a major electoral force in the region; and yet, with every electoral defeat, the demand for separation only deepened.

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