ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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21st Century Socialism

Can a faltering left in south Asia rejuvenate itself by emulating the socialist forces in Latin America?

Despite possessing the ripe conditions to campaign for an alternative, the left the world over has been unable to take advantage of the current crisis in neo-liberalism. The ideological defeat following the collapse of the Soviet Union continues to have a lingering effect on the socialist project.

However, the relative success of a few experiments in Latin America, subsumed under the term “21st century socialism”, has forced various left parties, particularly those in developing countries, to engage in new ideological debates about the nature of the socialist project. This is seen, for example, in the discussions among the Nepali Maoists and even at home within the Communist Party of India (Marxist). While the Nepali Maoists embarked upon a new path of political praxis following the Chungwang meeting in 2005, which for the first time acknowledged (though not without ideological contest from within) the need for a democratic route to socialism, the CPI(M) now seems to be deliberating upon the merits of the Latin American experiment, as seen in its draft ideological resolution document that was released recently.

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