ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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A Referendum for Peace

The larger Sudan region will continue to face many challenges even after the referendum on South Sudan.

A referendum held in the province of Southern Sudan between 9 and 15 January to decide on secession saw voters overwhelmingly endorsing the formation of a new nation state. Southern Sudan has been a semi-autonomous region after the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (cpa, also called the Naivasha agreement) that ended the civil war between Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s National Congress Party (NcP)-led forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/ Movement (SPLa/M).

According to the 2005 agreement, a referendum had to be held within a specific period and would require participation by at least 60% of the total electorate. This was easily met in the referendum. Nearly 99% of those who voted in Southern Sudan endorsed secession and the creation of a new nation state that would be carved out of the largest country in the African continent and would be called South Sudan.

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