ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Time to Act

Time to Act

Time to Act The final report of the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) conducted in 2005-06 in the country’s 29 states contains good news and bad as compared to the NFHS-2 of 1998-99. While women are having fewer children and infant mortality has declined over the seven-year period, anaemia and malnutrition are still widespread among children and adults. For the first time the NFHS has collected information relating to men and unmarried women. The exercise involved interviews with around 2,30,000 women (15-49 years) and men (15-54 years), the testing of more than 1,00,000 women and men for HIV and 2,15,000 adults and young children for anaemia.

Infant mortality has dropped from 68 per thousand live births in 1998-99 to 57 per thousand live births in 2005-06, with Bihar, Goa, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Meghalaya, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Uttar Pradesh showing considerable improvement. Fertility too has decreased to an average of 2.7 children from 2.9 children following a rise in the age at marriage. The other heartening finding here is that 62 per cent of the women with two daughters and no sons said they want no more children, compared with 47 per cent in NFHS-2.

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