ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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From 50 Years Ago: Clouds Over West- Asia.

From 50 Years Ago: Clouds Over West- Asia.

Trouble in west Asia is taking a serious turn. The recent tension between Syria and Turkey, a s an inc ident a l s eque l to the struggle for power between Russia and the Western Powers, is a reminder however that the “cold war” has returned to the point from where it started. It began with the enunciation of the Truman Doctrine. Mr Truman declared America’s decision to safeguard Turkey’s frontiers. That was even before NATO. Turkey has again emerged as a focal point in the “cold war”. What is more intriguing is that the Syrian-Turkish tension has provoked the American State Department to emphasise the close relation, and sequence, between the Truman Doctrine and the Eisenhower Doctrine. Europe still continues to suffer from the “cold war”. Germany remains divided. In his recent peace offer, Mr Khrushchev blames the Western Powers for the perpetuation of the German problem. But, it is clear from M Khrushchev’s interview with the Chief Washington Correspondent of New York Times that the “cold war” has now shifted to west Asia.

In this interview with Mr James Reston, M Khrushchev has accused America of inciting Turkey against Syria. Moscow’s warning to Turkey was coupled with a reminder to Washington that hostilities once begun would spread. Washington has reacted to Moscow’s reported charges against America and threats to Turkey by warning Moscow that “despite distances, he (M Khrushchev) should be under no illusion that the United States, Turkey’s friend and ally, takes lightly its obligations under the North Atlantic Treaty, or is not determined to carry out the national policy expressed in the joint Congressional resolution on the Middle East (Eisenhower Doctrine)”. M Khrushchev was blunt in his accusation that Mr Dulles had instructed Mr Henderson to incite Turkey against Syria after the latter’s manoeuvres to create hostility between Syria and her Arab neighbours had failed. These charges have been denied by the American State Department, though the interrelation between the Truman Doctrine and the Eisenhower Doctrine has been duty stressed.

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