ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Institutional Reforms in Canal Irrigation System

This paper presents an overview of the participatory irrigation management system (PIMS) adopted in the state of Chhattisgarh for the effective operation and maintenance of canal networks, and for the timely and equitable distribution of water to farmers located in the different zones of command areas of water users' associations (WUAs). An in-depth case analysis of 22 WUAs functioning in the Mahanadi Reservoir Project Complex is also presented. An institutional analysis framework was used to diagnose strengths and weaknesses of PIMS at macro and micro levels. The paper suggests that the political and bureaucratic will to share power with farmers can help improve not only the performance of PIMS but also promote the goals of sustainable management of scarce irrigation water resources.

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